- Schedule E, Part I, to report rental income from pastureland that is based on a flat charge. However, report on Schedule F, line 10, pasture income received from taking care of someone else's livestock. Also use Schedule E, Part I, to report farm rental income and expenses of a trust or estate based on crops or livestock produced by a tenant.
- Schedule J to figure your tax by averaging your farm income over the previous 3 years. Doing so may reduce your tax.
- Schedule SE to pay self-employment tax on income from your farming business.
- Form 4562 to claim depreciation (including the special allowance) on assets placed in service in 2008, to claim amortization that began in 2008, to make an election under section 179 to expense certain property, or to report information on vehicles and other listed property.
- Form 4684 to report a casualty or theft gain or loss involving farm business property, including purchased livestock held for draft, breeding, sport, or dairy purposes. See Pub. 225 for more information on how to report various farm losses, such as losses due to death of livestock or damage to crops or other farm property.
- Form 4797 to report sales, exchanges, or involuntary conversions (other than from a casualty or theft) of certain farm property. Also use this form to report sales of livestock held for draft, breeding, sport, or dairy purposes.
- Form 4835 to report rental income based on crop or livestock shares produced by a tenant if you are an individual who did not materially participate in the management or operation of a farm. This income is not subject to self-employment tax. See Pub. 225.
- Form 8824 to report like-kind exchanges.
- Form 8903 to take a deduction for income from domestic production activities.
- Form 8910 to claim a credit for placing a new alternative motor vehicle in service for business use.
- Form 8911 to claim a credit for placing qualified alternative fuel vehicle refueling property in service for business use.
If you use certain highway trucks, truck-trailers, tractor trailers, or buses in your farming business, you may have to pay a federal highway motor vehicle use tax. See the Instructions for Form 2290 to find out if you owe this tax.taxmap/instr/i1040sf-001.htm#TXMP21ce20d6
You may have to file information returns for wages paid to employees, certain payments of fees and other nonemployee compensation, interest, rents, royalties, real estate transactions, annuities, and pensions. You may also have to file an information return if you sold $5,000 or more of consumer products to a person on a buy-sell, deposit-commission, or other similar basis for resale. For details, see the 2008 General Instructions for Forms 1099, 1098, 5498, and W-2G.
If you received cash of more than $10,000 in one or more related transactions in your farming business, you may have to file Form 8300. For details, see Pub. 1544.taxmap/instr/i1040sf-001.htm#TXMP6e54e9dd
If you entered into a reportable transaction in 2008, you must file Form 8886 to disclose information if your federal income tax liability is affected by your participation in the transaction. You may have to pay a penalty if you are required to file Form 8886 but do not do so. You may also have to pay interest and penalties on any reportable transaction understatements. For more information on reportable transactions, see Reportable Transaction Disclosure Statement on page C-2 of the instructions for Schedule C.taxmap/instr/i1040sf-001.htm#TXMP24d5569f
If you and your spouse jointly own and operate a farm as an unincorporated business and share in the profits and losses, you are partners in a partnership whether or not you have a formal partnership agreement. File Form 1065 instead of Schedule F.taxmap/instr/i1040sf-001.htm#TXMP2a074572
If you and your spouse each materially participate as the only members of a jointly owned and operated farm, and you file a joint return for the tax year, you can make a joint election to be treated as a qualified joint venture instead of a partnership. For an explanation of taxmap/instr/i1040sf-001.htm#TXMP32eea8c4
material participation, see the instructions for Schedule C, line G, on page C-3, and the instructions for line E on this page.
To make this election, you must divide all items of income, gain, loss, deduction, and credit attributable to the business between you and your spouse in accordance with your respective interests in the venture. Each of you must file a separate Schedule F. On each line of your separate Schedule F, you must enter your share of the applicable income, deduction, or loss. Each of you must also file a separate Schedule SE to pay self-employment tax, as applicable.
As long as you remain qualified, your election cannot be revoked without IRS consent.
For more information, see Exception—Qualified Joint Venture on page C-2 of the instructions for Schedule C.taxmap/instr/i1040sf-001.htm#TXMP7f9d499b
If you and your spouse wholly own an unincorporated farming business as community property under the community property laws of a state, foreign country, or U.S. possession, the income and deductions are reported based on the following.
- If only one spouse participates in the business, all of the income from that business is the self-employment earnings of the spouse who carried on the business.
- If both spouses participate, the income and deductions are allocated to the spouses based on their distributive shares.
- If either or both you and your spouse are partners in a partnership, see Pub. 541.
- If you and your spouse elected to treat the business as qualifying joint venture, see on this page.
The only states with community property laws are Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin. A change in your reporting position will be treated as a conversion of the entity. taxmap/instr/i1040sf-001.htm#TXMP64fcc800
If you had to make estimated tax payments for 2008 and you underpaid your estimated tax, you will not be charged a penalty if both of the following apply.
- Your gross farming or fishing income for 2007 or 2008 is at least two-thirds of your gross income.
- You file your 2008 tax return and pay the tax due by March 2, 2009.
For details, see chapter 15 of Pub. 225.