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previous page Previous Page: Publication 51 - Circular A, Agricultural Employer's Tax Guide - 2. Who Are Employees?
next page Next Page: Publication 51 - Circular A, Agricultural Employer's Tax Guide - 4. Social Security and Medicare Taxes
 Use previous pagenext page to find additional occurrences of topic items.Index for this Publication
taxmap/pubs/p51-002.htm#en_us_publink100070964

3. Taxable Wages(p8)


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previous topic occurrence Compensation, Wage, Salary next topic occurrence

Cash wages that you pay to employees for farmwork are subject to social security and Medicare taxes. If the wages are subject to social security and Medicare taxes, they are also subject to federal income tax withholding. You may also be liable for FUTA tax, which is not withheld by you or paid by the employee. FUTA tax is discussed in section 10. Cash wages include checks, money orders, etc. Do not count as cash wages the value of food, lodging, and other noncash items.
For more information on what payments are considered taxable wages, see Publication 15 (Circular E).
taxmap/pubs/p51-002.htm#en_us_publink100070965

Commodity wages.(p8)


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Commodity wages are not cash and are not subject to social security and Medicare taxes or federal income tax withholding. However, noncash payments, including commodity wages, are treated as cash wages (see above) if the substance of the transaction is a cash payment. These noncash payments are subject to social security and Medicare taxes and federal income tax withholding.
taxmap/pubs/p51-002.htm#en_us_publink100070966

Family members.(p8)


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Generally, the wages that you pay to family members who are your employees are subject to social security and Medicare taxes, federal income tax withholding, and FUTA tax. However, certain exemptions may apply for your child, spouse, or parent. See the table, How Do Employment Taxes Apply to Farmwork, on 
page 24.
taxmap/pubs/p51-002.htm#en_us_publink100070967

Household employees.(p8)


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The wages of an employee who performs household services, such as a maid, babysitter, gardener, or cook, in your home are not subject to social security and Medicare taxes if you pay that employee cash wages of less than $1,700 in 2009.
Social security and Medicare taxes do not apply to cash wages for housework in your private home if it was done by your spouse or your child under age 21. Nor do the taxes apply to housework done by your parent unless:
For more information, see Publication 926, Household Employer's Tax Guide.
EIC
Wages for household work may not be a deductible farm expense. See Publication 225, Farmer's Tax Guide.
taxmap/pubs/p51-002.htm#en_us_publink100070969

Share farmers and alien workers.(p9)


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You do not have to withhold or pay social security and Medicare taxes on amounts paid to share farmers under share-farming arrangements or on wages paid to alien workers admitted under section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act on a temporary basis to perform agricultural labor (that is, "H-2(A)" visa workers).
previous pagePrevious Page: Publication 51 - Circular A, Agricultural Employer's Tax Guide - 2. Who Are Employees?
next pageNext Page: Publication 51 - Circular A, Agricultural Employer's Tax Guide - 4. Social Security and Medicare Taxes
 Use previous pagenext page to find additional occurrences of topic items.Index for this Publication