U.S. citizens, resident aliens, and nonresident aliens who paid foreign income tax and are subject to U.S. tax on foreign source income may be able to take a foreign tax credit. taxmap/pubs/p514-002.htm#en_us_publink10001482
If you are a U.S. citizen, you are taxed by the United States on your worldwide income wherever you live. You are normally entitled to take a credit for foreign taxes you pay or accrue. taxmap/pubs/p514-002.htm#en_us_publink10001483
If you are a resident alien of the United States, you can take a credit for foreign taxes subject to the same general rules as U.S. citizens. If you are a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico for the entire tax year, you also come under the same rules.
Usually, you can take a credit only for those foreign taxes imposed on income you actually or constructively received while you had resident alien status.
For information on alien status, see Publication 519.taxmap/pubs/p514-002.htm#en_us_publink10001484
If you are a nonresident alien, you generally cannot take the credit. However, you may be able to take the credit if:
- You were a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico during your entire tax year, or
- You pay or accrue tax to a foreign country or U.S. possession on income from foreign sources that is effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States. But if you must pay tax to a foreign country or U.S. possession on income from U.S. sources only because you are a citizen or a resident of that country or U.S. possession, do not use that tax in figuring the amount of your credit.
For information on alien status and effectively connected income, see Publication 519.