If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien with income from sources outside the United States, you must report all that income on your tax return unless it is exempt by U.S. law. This applies to earned income (such as wages) as well as unearned income (such as interest, dividends, and capital gains).taxmap/pubs/p516-001.htm#en_us_publink100022656
Certain taxpayers can exclude or deduct income earned in foreign countries. However, the foreign earned income and housing exclusions and the foreign housing deduction do not apply to the income you receive as an employee of the U.S. Government. taxmap/pubs/p516-001.htm#en_us_publink100022657
If you are a U.S. Government employee paid by a U.S. agency to perform services in a foreign country, your pay is from the U.S. Government and does not qualify for the exclusions or the deduction. This is true even if the U.S. agency is reimbursed by the foreign government. taxmap/pubs/p516-001.htm#en_us_publink100022658
If you are an employee of an Armed Forces post exchange, officers' and enlisted personnel club, embassy commissary, or similar instrumentality of the U.S. Government, the earnings you receive are paid by the U.S. Government. This is true whether they are paid from appropriated or nonappropriated funds. These earnings are not eligible for the foreign earned income and housing exclusions or the foreign housing deduction. taxmap/pubs/p516-001.htm#en_us_publink100022659
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident employed abroad by the U.S. Government and you also receive income from a private employer or self-employment, you may qualify to claim the exclusions or the deduction based on this other income. To qualify, you must meet either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test. Your spouse who is a U.S. citizen or resident alien may also qualify if he or she earns income in a foreign country that is paid by a private employer or is from self-employment. If you are not a U.S. Government employee, amounts paid by the United States or its agencies to you may also qualify for the exclusions or the deduction. taxmap/pubs/p516-001.htm#en_us_publink100022660
For more information on the foreign earned income and housing exclusions and foreign housing deduction, see Publication 54.