If you are a nonresident alien who is a bona fide resident of American Samoa or Puerto Rico for the entire tax year, you generally are taxed the same as resident aliens. You should file Form 1040 and report all income from sources both in and outside the United States. However, you can exclude the income discussed in the following paragraphs.
For tax purposes other than reporting income, however, you will be treated as a nonresident alien. For example, you are not allowed the standard deduction, you cannot file a joint return, and you are not allowed a deduction for a dependent unless that person is a citizen or national of the United States. There are also limits on what deductions and credits are allowed. See Nonresident Aliens
under Deductions, Itemized Deductions,
and Tax Credits and Payments
in chapter 5.
If you are a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico for the entire year, you can exclude from gross income all income from sources in Puerto Rico (other than amounts for services performed as an employee of the United States or any of its agencies).
If you report income on a calendar year basis and you do not have wages subject to withholding, file your return and pay your tax by June 15. You must also make your first payment of estimated tax by June 15. You cannot file a joint income tax return or make joint payments of estimated tax. However, if you are married to a U.S. citizen or resident, see Nonresident Spouse Treated as a Resident
in chapter 1.
If you earn wages subject to withholding, your U.S. income tax return is due on April 15. Your first payment of estimated tax is also due by April 15. For information on withholding and estimated tax, see chapter 8
If you are a bona fide resident of American Samoa for the entire year, you can exclude from gross income all income from sources in American Samoa (other than amounts for services performed as an employee of the U.S. government or any of its agencies). For tax years ending after April 9, 2008, an employee of the American Samoan government is not considered an employee of the U.S. government or any of its agencies for purposes of the exclusion. For more information about this exclusion, get Form 4563 and Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U.S. Possessions.