Standard mileage rate increased for Midwestern disaster areas.(p1)
The standard mileage rate is higher if you used your car to provide relief related to the storms, tornadoes, or flooding in certain Midwestern disaster areas. See Car expenses related to Midwestern disaster areas under Out-of-Pocket Expenses in Giving Services.taxmap/pubs/p526-000.htm#en_us_publink1000121029
Mileage reimbursements related to Midwestern disaster areas.(p1)
You may not have to pay tax on any mileage reimbursements you received from a charitable organization for the costs of using your car to provide relief related to the storms, tornadoes, or flooding in certain Midwestern disaster areas. See Mileage reimbursements related to Midwestern disaster areas under Out-of-Pocket Expenses in Giving Services.taxmap/pubs/p526-000.htm#en_us_publink1000121030
Temporary suspension of limits.(p1)
Certain cash contributions you made for relief efforts in a Midwestern disaster area are not subject to the 50% limit or the overall limit on itemized deductions. See Limits on Deductions.taxmap/pubs/p526-000.htm#en_us_publink1000121031
Expiring provisions extended.(p1)
The following provisions that were due to expire at the end of 2007 have been extended to contributions made in 2008 and 2009.
- Special rules for contributions of food inventory. (See Food Inventory under Contributions of Property.)
- Special rules for qualified charitable distributions from IRAs. (See Qualified Charitable Distributions under Contributions You Cannot Deduct.)
- The special deduction limit for qualified conservation contributions. (See Special 50% Limit for Qualified Conservation Contributions.)
Limit on itemized deductions.(p1)
For 2008, if your adjusted gross income is more than $159,950 ($79,975 if you are married filing separately), you may have to reduce the amount of certain itemized deductions, including charitable contributions. For more information and a worksheet, see the instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040).taxmap/pubs/p526-000.htm#en_us_publink100049593
You can deduct contributions for flood relief, hurricane relief, or other disaster relief to a qualified organization (defined under Organizations That Qualify To Receive Deductible Contributions). However, you cannot deduct contributions earmarked for relief of a particular individual or family.
This publication explains how to claim a deduction for your charitable contributions. It discusses organizations that are qualified to receive deductible charitable contributions, the types of contributions you can deduct, how much you can deduct, what records to keep, and how to report charitable contributions.
A charitable contribution is a donation or gift to, or for the use of, a qualified organization. It is voluntary and is made without getting, or expecting to get, anything of equal value. taxmap/pubs/p526-000.htm#en_us_publink100049594
Qualified organizations include nonprofit groups that are religious, charitable, educational, scientific, or literary in purpose, or that work to prevent cruelty to children or animals. You will find descriptions of these organizations under Organizations That Qualify To Receive Deductible Contributions. taxmap/pubs/p526-000.htm#en_us_publink100049595
To deduct a charitable contribution, you must file Form 1040 and itemize deductions on Schedule A. The amount of your deduction may be limited if certain rules and limits explained in this publication apply to you. taxmap/pubs/p526-000.htm#en_us_publink100049883
We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions.
You can write to us at the following address:
Internal Revenue Service
Individual Forms and Publications Branch
1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526
Washington, DC 20224
We respond to many letters by telephone. Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence.
You can email us at *email@example.com
. (The asterisk must be included in the address.) Please put "Publications Comment" on the subject line. Although we cannot respond individually to each email, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products.
to download forms and publications, call 1-800-829-3676, or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received.
Internal Revenue Service
1201 N. Mitsubishi Motorway
Bloomington, IL 61705-6613
If you have a tax question, check the information available on www.irs.gov
or call 1-800-829-1040. We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses.
You may want to see:
Publication 78 Cumulative List of Organizations 561 Determining the Value of Donated Property 4492-B Information for Affected Taxpayers in the Midwestern Disaster Areas Form (and Instructions) Schedule A (Form 1040): Itemized Deductions 8283: Noncash Charitable Contributions
See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting these publications and forms.
Table 1. Examples of Charitable Contributions—A Quick Check
Use the following lists for a quick check of contributions you can or cannot deduct. See the rest of this publication for more information and additional rules and limits that may apply.
|Not Deductible As|
|Money or property you give to:|| Money or property you give to:|
- Churches, synagogues, temples,
mosques, and other religious
- Federal, state, and local
governments, if your contribution is
solely for public purposes (for
example, a gift to reduce the public
- Nonprofit schools and hospitals
- Public parks and recreation facilities
- Salvation Army, Red Cross, CARE,
Goodwill Industries, United Way, Boy
Scouts, Girl Scouts, Boys and Girls
Clubs of America, etc.
- War veterans' groups
- Charitable organizations listed in Publication 78
Expenses paid for a student living with you,
sponsored by a qualified organization
Out-of-pocket expenses when you serve a
qualified organization as a volunteer
- Civic leagues, social and sports
clubs, labor unions, and chambers of
- Foreign organizations (except certain
Canadian, Israeli, and Mexican
- Groups that are run for personal
- Groups whose purpose is to lobby for
- Homeowners' associations
- Political groups or candidates for
Cost of raffle, bingo, or lottery tickets
Dues, fees, or bills paid to country clubs,
lodges, fraternal orders, or similar groups
Value of your time or services
Value of blood given to a blood bank
You can deduct your contributions only if you make them to a qualified organization. To become a qualified organization, most organizations other than churches and governments, as described below, must apply to the IRS. taxmap/pubs/p526-000.htm#en_us_publink100049600
You can ask any organization whether it is a qualified organization, and most will be able to tell you. Or you can check IRS Publication 78, which lists most qualified organizations. You may find Publication 78 in your local library's reference section. Or you can find it on the Internet at http://www.irs.gov/app/pub-78
. You can also call the IRS to find out if an organization is qualified. Call 1-877-829-5500
. (For TTY/TDD help, call 1-800-829-4059
Generally, only the five following types of organizations can be qualified organizations.
- A community chest, corporation, trust, fund, or foundation organized or created in or under the laws of the United States, any state, the District of Columbia, or any possession of the United States (including Puerto Rico). It must be organized and operated only for one or more of the following purposes.
Certain organizations that foster national or international amateur sports competition also qualify.
- The prevention of cruelty to children or animals.
- War veterans' organizations, including posts, auxiliaries, trusts, or foundations, organized in the United States or any of its possessions.
- Domestic fraternal societies, orders, and associations operating under the lodge system. Note. Your contribution to this type of organization is deductible only if it is to be used solely for charitable, religious, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals.
- Certain nonprofit cemetery companies or corporations. Note. Your contribution to this type of organization is not deductible if it can be used for the care of a specific lot or mausoleum crypt.
- The United States or any state, the District of Columbia, a U.S. possession (including Puerto Rico), a political subdivision of a state or U.S. possession, or an Indian tribal government or any of its subdivisions that perform substantial government functions. Note. To be deductible, your contribution to this type of organization must be made solely for public purposes.
Example 1. You contribute cash to your city's police department to be used as a reward for information about a crime. The city police department is a qualified organization, and your contribution is for a public purpose. You can deduct your contribution.
Example 2. You make a voluntary contribution to the social security trust fund, not earmarked for a specific account. Because the trust fund is part of the U.S. Government, you contributed to a qualified organization. You can deduct your contribution.
The following list gives some examples of qualified organizations.
- Churches, a convention or association of churches, temples, synagogues, mosques, and other religious organizations.
- Most nonprofit charitable organizations such as the Red Cross and the United Way.
- Most nonprofit educational organizations, including the Boy (and Girl) Scouts of America, colleges, museums, and daycare centers if substantially all the childcare provided is to enable individuals (the parents) to be gainfully employed and the services are available to the general public. However, if your contribution is a substitute for tuition or other enrollment fee, it is not deductible as a charitable contribution, as explained later under Contributions You Cannot Deduct.
- Nonprofit hospitals and medical research organizations.
- Utility company emergency energy programs, if the utility company is an agent for a charitable organization that assists individuals with emergency energy needs.
- Nonprofit volunteer fire companies.
- Public parks and recreation facilities.
- Civil defense organizations.
You may be able to deduct contributions to certain Canadian charitable organizations covered under an income tax treaty with Canada.
To deduct your contribution to a Canadian charity, you generally must have income from sources in Canada. See Publication 597, Information on the United States-Canada Income Tax Treaty, for information on how to figure your deduction. taxmap/pubs/p526-000.htm#en_us_publink100049604
You may be able to deduct contributions to certain Mexican charitable organizations under an income tax treaty with Mexico.
The organization must meet tests that are essentially the same as the tests that qualify U.S. organizations to receive deductible contributions. The organization may be able to tell you if it meets these tests.
If not, you can get general information about the tests the organization must meet by writing to the:
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 920
Bensalem, PA 19020-8518.
To deduct your contribution to a Mexican charity, you must have income from sources in Mexico. The limits described in Limits on Deductions, later, apply and are figured using your income from Mexican sources. Those limits also apply to all your charitable contributions, as described in that discussion.
You may be able to deduct contributions to certain Israeli charitable organizations under an income tax treaty with Israel. To qualify for the deduction, your contribution must be made to an organization created and recognized as a charitable organization under the laws of Israel. The deduction will be allowed in the amount that would be allowed if the organization was created under the laws of the United States, but is limited to 25% of your adjusted gross income from Israeli sources.