An important factor in USVI taxation is whether, during the entire tax year, you are a bona fide resident of the USVI.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097598
For information about filing your U.S. Virgin Islands tax return or about Form 1040INFO, contact:
Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue
9601 Estate Thomas
St. Thomas, VI 00802
The phone number is 340-715-1040. The fax numbers are 340-714-9341 and 340-714-9345.
The addresses and phone numbers listed above are subject to change.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097603
In general, bona fide residents of the USVI pay taxes only to the USVI. U.S. citizens or resident aliens (but not bona fide residents of the USVI) with USVI source income pay a portion of the tax to each jurisdiction.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097604
File your tax return with the USVI if you are a U.S. citizen, resident alien, or nonresident alien and a bona fide resident of the USVI during the entire tax year.
- Include your worldwide income on your USVI return. In determining your total tax payments, take into account all income tax withheld by either the USVI or the United States, any credit for an overpayment of income tax to either the USVI or the United States, and any payments of estimated tax to either the USVI or the United States. Pay any balance of tax due with your tax return. For 2006 and subsequent tax years, filing this return with the USVI generally also starts the statute of limitations on assessment of your U.S. income tax.
- You generally do not have to file with the United States for any tax year in which you are a bona fide resident of the USVI during the entire tax year, provided you report and pay tax on your income from all sources to the USVI and identify the source(s) of the income on the return. However, if you have self-employment income, you may be required to file Form 1040-SS with the United States. For more information, see Self-employment tax under Special Rules for the USVI, later.
If you are a bona fide resident of the USVI and have non-USVI source income, you must also file Virgin Islands Form 1040INFO, Non-Virgin Islands Source Income of Virgin Islands Residents, with the Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue. Attach Form 1040INFO to your Form 1040 before filing. You can get Form 1040INFO by contacting the address or website given earlier.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097606
If you are a bona fide resident of the USVI for the entire tax year, file your return with the Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue at the address given under Where To Get Forms and Information, earlier.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097607
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien but not a bona fide resident of the USVI during the entire tax year, you must file identical tax returns with the United States and the USVI if you have:
- Income from sources in the USVI, or
- Income effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the USVI.
File the original return with the United States and file a copy of the U.S. return (including all attachments, forms, and schedules) with the Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue by the due date for filing Form 1040. Use Form 8689 to figure the amount of tax you must pay to the USVI.
Complete this form and attach it to both the return you file with the United States and the copy you file with the USVI. Figure the amount of tax you must pay to the USVI as follows:
| ||Total tax on |
(after certain adjustments)
|×|| USVI AGI |
Pay any tax due to the USVI when you file your return with the Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue. To receive credit for taxes paid to the USVI, include the amounts from Form 8689, lines 40 and 44, in the total on Form 1040, line 71. On the dotted line next to line 71, enter "Form 8689" and show the amounts.
See the illustrated example in chapter 5.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097609
If you are not a bona fide resident of the USVI during the entire tax year, but you have USVI source income, file Form 1040 and all attachments with the: taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097610
Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service Center
Austin, TX 73301-0215
File the copy with the Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue at the address given under Where To Get Forms and Information, earlier.
There are some special rules for certain types of income, employment, and filing status.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097611
If you file a joint return, you should file your return (and pay the tax) with the jurisdiction where the spouse who has the greater adjusted gross income (AGI) would have to file if you were filing separately. If the spouse with the greater AGI is a bona fide resident of the USVI during the entire tax year, file the joint return with the USVI. If the spouse with the greater AGI is a U.S. citizen or resident alien of the United States but not a bona fide resident of the USVI during the entire tax year, file the joint return with the United States. For this purpose, income is determined without regard to community property laws.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097612
Marge Birch, a U.S. citizen, was a resident of the United States, and her husband, a citizen of the USVI, was a bona fide resident of the USVI during the entire tax year. Marge earned $55,000 as an architect in the United States. Her husband earned $30,000 as a librarian in the USVI. Mr. and Mrs. Birch will file a joint return. Because Marge has the greater AGI, the Birches must file their return with the United States and report the entire $85,000 on that return.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097613
Generally, expenses of a move to the USVI are directly attributable to wages, salaries, and other earned income from the USVI. Likewise, the expenses of a move back to the United States are generally attributable to U.S. earned income.
If your move was to the USVI, report your deduction for moving expenses as follows.
- If you are a bona fide resident in the tax year of your move, enter your deductible expenses on your USVI tax return.
- If you are not a bona fide resident, enter your deductible expenses on Form 3903, Moving Expenses, and enter the deductible amount on Form 1040, line 26, and on Form 8689, line 20.
If your move was to the United States, complete Form 3903 and enter the deductible amount on Form 1040, line 26.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink1000142565
Under the filing rules explained earlier, individuals with USVI source income normally will not claim a foreign tax credit on a U.S. income tax return for tax paid to the USVI. However, individuals other than bona fide residents of the USVI may claim a direct credit for such tax (see Form 8689 earlier in this section).taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097614
If you have no U.S. filing requirement, but have income that is effectively connected with a trade or business in the USVI, you must file Form 1040-SS with the United States to report your self-employment income and, if necessary, pay self-employment tax.taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097615
You can get an automatic 6-month extension of time to file your tax return. See Extensions of Time To File in chapter 4. Bona fide residents of the USVI during the entire tax year must file a paper Form 4868 with the Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue. Nonresidents of the USVI should file separate extension requests with the IRS and the Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue and make any payments due to the respective jurisdictions. However, the Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue will honor an extension request that is timely filed with the IRS. taxmap/pubs/p570-012.htm#en_us_publink100097616
A mutual agreement procedure exists to settle cases of double taxation between the United States and the U.S. Virgin Islands. See Double Taxation in chapter 4.