Income limits increased.(p9)
The amount of your Hope credit for 2008 is gradually reduced (phased out) if your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is between $48,000 and $58,000 ($96,000 and $116,000 if you file a joint return). You cannot claim a credit if your MAGI is $58,000 or more ($116,000 or more if you file a joint return). This is an increase from the 2007 limits of $47,000 and $57,000 ($94,000 and $114,000 if filing a joint return). See Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit
, later, for more information.
Maximum amount of Hope credit increased.(p9)
Beginning in 2008, the maximum amount of the Hope credit has increased to $1,800 ($3,600 if a student in a Midwestern disaster area). This is an increase from the 2007 maximum amount of $1,650.
The amount of the Hope credit (per eligible student) is the sum of 100% of the first $1,200 ($2,400 if a student in a Midwestern disaster area) of qualified education expenses you paid for the eligible student and 50% of the next $1,200 ($2,400 if a student in a Midwestern disaster area) of qualified education expenses you paid for that student. See Figuring the Credit
, later, for more information.
Students in Midwestern disaster areas.(p9)
The following rules apply only to students attending an eligible educational institution in the Midwestern disaster areas in the states of Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, and Wisconsin. See Table 3-2 near the end of chapter 3 for a list of counties.
- The Hope credit for students in Midwestern disaster areas is 100% of the first $2,400 of qualified education expenses and 50% of the next $2,400 of qualified education expenses for a maximum credit of $3,600 per student.
- The definition of qualified education expenses for the Hope credit is expanded for students in Midwestern disaster areas. See Students in Midwestern disaster areas under Qualified Education Expenses, later in this chapter for more information.
There are two tax credits available to help you offset the costs of higher education by reducing the amount of your income tax. They are the Hope credit and the lifetime learning credit, also referred to as education credits. This chapter discusses the Hope credit. The lifetime learning credit is discussed in chapter 3
This chapter explains:
- Who can claim the Hope credit,
- What expenses qualify for the credit,
- Who is an eligible student,
- Who can claim a dependent's expenses,
- How to figure the credit,
- How to claim the credit, and
- When the credit must be repaid.
For the tax year, you may be able to claim a Hope credit of up to $1,800 ($3,600 if a student in a Midwestern disaster area) for qualified education expenses paid for each eligible student.
A tax credit reduces the amount of income tax you may have to pay. Unlike a deduction, which reduces the amount of income subject to tax, a credit directly reduces the tax itself. The Hope credit is a nonrefundable credit. This means that it can reduce your tax to zero, but if the credit is more than your tax the excess will not be refunded to you.
The Hope credit you are allowed may be limited by the amount of your income and the amount of your tax.
You may be able to take a tuition and fees deduction for your education expenses instead of a Hope credit. You can choose the one that will give you the lower tax. See chapter 6
for details about the deduction.
For each student, you can elect for any year only one of the credits. For example, if you elect to take the Hope credit for a child on your 2008 tax return, you cannot, for that same child, also claim the lifetime learning credit for 2008.
If you are eligible to claim the Hope credit and you are also eligible to claim the lifetime learning credit for the same student in the same year, you can choose to claim either credit, but not both. For 2008, if the total qualified education expenses for a student are less than $9,000, it will generally be to your benefit to claim the Hope credit.
If you pay qualified education expenses for more than one student in the same year, you can choose to take credits on a per-student, per-year basis. This means that, for example, you can claim the Hope credit for one student and the lifetime learning credit for another student in the same year. taxmap/pubs/p970-003.htm#en_us_publink100020764
There are several differences between these two credits. For example, you can claim the Hope credit based on the same student's expenses for no more than 2 years. However, there is no limit on the number of years for which you can claim a lifetime learning credit based on the same student's expenses. The differences between the two credits are summarized in Table 2-1 on the next page.
Table 2-1. Comparison of Education Credits
|Hope Credit||Lifetime Learning Credit|
|Up to $1,800 ($3,600 if a student in a Midwestern disaster area) credit per eligible student ||Up to $2,000 credit ($4,000 if a student in a Midwestern disaster area) per return |
|Available ONLY until the first 2 years of post-|
secondary education are completed
|Available for all years of postsecondary education and for courses to acquire or improve job skills |
|Available ONLY for 2 years per eligible student ||Available for an unlimited number of years |
|Student must be pursuing an undergraduate degree or other recognized education credential ||Student does not need to be pursuing a degree or other recognized education credential |
|Student must be enrolled at least half time for at least one academic period beginning during the year ||Available for one or more courses |
|No felony drug conviction on student's record ||Felony drug conviction rule does not apply|
The following rules will help you determine if you are eligible to claim the Hope credit on your tax return.taxmap/pubs/p970-003.htm#en_us_publink100020766
Generally, you can claim the Hope credit if all three of the following requirements are met.
- You pay qualified education expenses of higher education.
- You pay the education expenses for an eligible student.
- The eligible student is either yourself, your spouse, or a dependent for whom you claim an exemption on your tax return.
Qualified education expenses paid by a dependent for whom you claim an exemption, or by a third party for that dependent, are considered paid by you.
You may find Figure 2-1, on the next page, helpful in determining if you can claim a Hope credit on your tax return. taxmap/pubs/p970-003.htm#en_us_publink100020769
You cannot claim the Hope credit for 2008 if any of the following apply.
- Your filing status is married filing separately.
- You are listed as a dependent in the Exemptions section on another person's tax return (such as your parents'). See Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses, later.
- Your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is $58,000 or more ($116,000 or more in the case of a joint return). MAGI is explained later under Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit.
- You (or your spouse) were a nonresident alien for any part of 2008 and the nonresident alien did not elect to be treated as a resident alien for tax purposes. More information on nonresident aliens can be found in Publication 519, U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens.
- You claim the lifetime learning credit or a tuition and fees deduction for the same student in 2008.