The situations that follow may affect your exclusion.taxmap/pub17/p17-086.htm#en_us_publink1000172473
You cannot claim the exclusion if:
- You acquired your home in a like-kind exchange (also known as a section 1031 exchange) or your basis in your home is determined by reference to the basis of the home in the hands of the person who acquired the property in a like-kind exchange (for example, you received the home from that person as a gift), and
- You sold the home during the 5-year period beginning with the date your home was acquired in the like-kind exchange.
Gain from a like-kind exchange is not taxable at the time of the exchange. This means that gain will not be taxed until you sell or otherwise dispose of the property you receive. To defer gain from a like-kind exchange, you must have exchanged business or investment property for business or investment property of a like kind. For more information about like-kind exchanges, see Publication 544, Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets.
If you use your main home partly for business or rental purposes and then exchange the home for another property, see Publication 523.taxmap/pub17/p17-086.htm#en_us_publink1000172475
You cannot claim the exclusion if the expatriation tax applies to you. The expatriation tax applies to certain U.S. citizens who have renounced their citizenship (and to certain long-term residents who have ended their residency). For more information about the expatriation tax, see chapter 4 of Publication 519, U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens.taxmap/pub17/p17-086.htm#en_us_publink1000172477
If your home was destroyed or condemned, any gain (for example, because of insurance proceeds you received) qualifies for the exclusion.
Any part of the gain that cannot be excluded (because it is more than the maximum exclusion) can be postponed under the rules explained in:
- Publication 547, in the case of a home that was destroyed, or
- Publication 544, chapter 1, in the case of a home that was condemned.
Subject to the other rules in this chapter, you can choose to exclude gain from the sale of a remainder interest in your home. If you make this choice, you cannot choose to exclude gain from your sale of any other interest in the home that you sell separately. taxmap/pub17/p17-086.htm#en_us_publink1000172479
You cannot exclude gain from the sale of a remainder interest in your home to a related person. Related persons include your brothers, sisters, half-brothers, half-sisters, spouse, ancestors (parents, grandparents, etc.), and lineal descendants (children, grandchildren, etc.). Related persons also include certain corporations, partnerships, trusts, and exempt organizations.