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taxmap/pub17/p17-103.htm#en_us_publink1000173000

Chapter 20
Standard Deduction(p141)

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What's New(p141)


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Standard deduction increased.(p141)

The standard deduction for most taxpayers who do not itemize their deductions on Schedule A of Form 1040 is higher in 2009 than it was in 2008. The amount depends on your filing status. In addition to the annual increase due to inflation adjustments, your 2009 standard deduction is increased by: You can use the 2009 Standard Deduction Worksheet in this chapter to figure your standard deduction. But to increase your standard deduction by taxes paid on the purchase of a new motor vehicle, you must use Schedule L (Form 1040A or 1040) and attach it to your return.
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This chapter discusses the following topics.
Most taxpayers have a choice of either taking a standard deduction or itemizing their deductions. If you have a choice, you can use the method that gives you the lower tax.
The standard deduction is a dollar amount that reduces the amount of income on which you are taxed. It is a benefit that eliminates the need for many taxpayers to itemize actual deductions, such as medical expenses, charitable contributions, and taxes, on Schedule A of Form 1040. The standard deduction is higher for taxpayers who:
Deposit
You benefit from the standard deduction if your standard deduction is more than the total of your allowable itemized deductions.
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Persons not eligible for the standard deduction.(p141)


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Persons Not Eligible for the Standard Deduction

Your standard deduction is zero and you should itemize any deductions you have if:
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If an exemption for you can be claimed on another person's return (such as your parents' return), your standard deduction may be limited. See Standard Deduction for Dependents, later.

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Useful items

You may want to see:


Form (and Instructions)
 Schedule L (Form 1040A or 1040): Standard Deduction for Certain Filers
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Standard Deduction Amount(p141)


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(p141)


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The standard deduction amount depends on your filing status, whether you are 65 or older or blind, whether an exemption can be claimed for you by another taxpayer, whether you pay state or local real estate taxes, whether you have a net disaster loss from a federally declared disaster, and whether you paid state or local sales or excise tax (or certain other taxes or fees in a state without a sales tax) on the purchase of a new motor vehicle after February 16, 2009. Generally, the standard deduction amounts are adjusted each year for inflation. Use Worksheet 20-1 to figure your standard deduction amount.
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Decedent's final return.(p141)


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The amount of the standard deduction for a decedent's final tax return is the same as it would have been had the decedent continued to live. However, if the decedent was not 65 or older at the time of death, the higher standard deduction for age cannot be claimed.
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Higher Standard Deduction 
for Age (65 or Older)(p141)


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If you do not itemize deductions, you are entitled to a higher standard deduction if you are age 65 or older at the end of the year. You are considered 65 on the day before your 65th birthday. Therefore, you can take a higher standard deduction for 2009 if you were born before January 2, 1945.
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Higher Standard Deduction 
for Blindness(p141)


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If you are blind on the last day of the year and you do not itemize deductions, you are entitled to a higher standard deduction. You qualify for this benefit if you are totally or partly blind.
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Partly blind.(p141)


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Partly Blind

If you are partly blind, you must get a certified statement from an eye doctor or registered optometrist that:
If your eye condition will never improve beyond these limits, the statement should include this fact. You must keep the statement in your records.
If your vision can be corrected beyond these limits only by contact lenses that you can wear only briefly because of pain, infection, or ulcers, you can take the higher standard deduction for blindness if you otherwise qualify.
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Spouse 65 or Older or Blind(p142)


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You can take the higher standard deduction if your spouse is age 65 or older or blind and:
EIC
You cannot claim the higher standard deduction for an individual other than yourself and your spouse.
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Higher Standard Deduction for Real Estate Taxes(p142)


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Your standard deduction is increased by any state and local real estate taxes you paid in 2009, up to $500 ($1,000 if married filing jointly). The taxes must be state or local real estate taxes that would be deductible on Form 1040 (Schedule A) if you were itemizing your deductions. Taxes deductible in arriving at adjusted gross income, such as taxes on business real estate and taxes on foreign real estate, cannot be used to increase your standard deduction.
If you are increasing your standard deduction by the amount of real estate taxes you paid, complete Schedule L (Form 1040A or 1040), attach it to your return, and be sure to check the box on line 40b of Form 1040 or line 24b of Form 1040A.
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Higher Standard Deduction for Sales Taxes on New Motor Vehicles(p142)


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Your standard deduction is increased by any state or local sales or excise taxes you paid in 2009 on the purchase of a new vehicle after February 16, 2009. The amount is limited to tax on the first $49,500 of the purchase price. The taxes must be state or local sales or excise taxes that would be deductible on Form 1040 (Schedule A) if you were itemizing your deductions. In states without a sales tax, certain other taxes or fees qualify if they are assessed on the purchase of the vehicle and are based on the vehicle's sales price or as a per unit fee. Taxes deductible in arriving at adjusted gross income, such as taxes on a vehicle used in your business, cannot be used to increase your standard deduction.
If you are increasing your standard deduction by the amount of these state or local sales or excise taxes, complete Schedule L (Form 1040A or 1040), attach it to your return, and be sure to check the box on line 40b of Form 1040 or line 24b of Form 1040A.
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Higher Standard Deduction for Net Disaster Loss(p142)


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Your standard deduction is increased by any net disaster loss from a federally declared disaster that occurred in 2009. This amount is on Form 4684, line 18.
If you are increasing your standard deduction by the amount of your net disaster loss, complete Schedule L (Form 1040A or 1040), attach it to your return, and be sure to check the box on line 40b of Form 1040.
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Examples(p142)


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The following examples illustrate how to determine your standard deduction using Worksheet 20-1.
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Example 1.(p142)

Larry, 46, and Donna, 33, are filing a joint return for 2009. Neither is blind, and neither can be claimed as a dependent. They did not pay real estate taxes or sales or excise taxes on the purchase of a new motor vehicle or have a net disaster loss. They decide not to itemize their deductions. Because they are married filing jointly, they enter $11,400 on line 1 of Worksheet 20-1. They check the "No" box on line 2, so they also enter $11,400 on lines 4 and 10. Their standard deduction is $11,400.
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Example 2.(p142)

The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that Larry is blind at the end of 2009, so he and Donna enter $1,100 on line 5 of Worksheet 20-1. They then enter $12,500 ($11,400 + $1,100) on line 10, so their standard deduction is $12,500.
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Example 3.(p142)

Bill and Lisa are filing a joint return for 2009. Both are over age 65. Neither is blind, and neither can be claimed as a dependent. They did not pay real estate taxes or sales or excise taxes on the purchase of a new motor vehicle or have a net disaster loss. They do not itemize deductions, so they use Worksheet 20-1. Because they are married filing jointly, they enter $11,400 on line 1. They check the "No" box on line 2, so they also enter $11,400 on line 4. Because they are both over age 65, they enter $2,200 ($1,100 × 2) on line 5. They enter $13,600 ($11,400 + $2,200) on line 10, so their standard deduction is $13,600.
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Example 4.(p142)

The facts are the same as in Example 3 except that Bill and Lisa paid $3,000 in local real estate taxes on their home in 2009, so they enter $3,000 on line 7 of the worksheet. They then enter $1,000 on lines 8 and 9 and $14,600 ($11,400 + $2,200 + $1,000) on line 10. Their standard deduction is $14,600. Because line 9 is greater than zero, they must complete Schedule L (Form 1040A or 1040) and attach it to their return.
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Example 5.(p142)

The facts are the same as in Example 4 except that Bill and Lisa had a net disaster loss from a federally declared disaster of $8,000. That is the amount on line 18 of their Form 4684. They enter $8,000 on line 6 of their Standard Deduction Worksheet. On line 10 of the worksheet, they enter $22,600 ($11,400 + $2,200 + $8,000 + $1,000), which is their standard deduction. Because line 6 (and line 9) is greater than zero, they must complete Schedule L (Form 1040A or 1040) and attach it to their return.