Definition of qualifying child changed.(p233)
Beginning in 2009, you must claim the child as a dependent to be a qualifying child for the child tax credit. See Qualifying Child
, later, for more information.
Earned income threshold.(p233)
The earned income threshold generally needed to claim the additional child tax credit is reduced to $3,000.taxmap/pub17/p17-178.htm#TXMP37528e90
The child tax credit is a credit that may reduce your tax by as much as $1,000 for each of your qualifying children.
The additional child tax credit is a credit you may be able to take if you are not able to claim the full amount of the child tax credit.
This chapter explains the following.
- Who is a qualifying child.
- How much is the credit.
- How to claim the credit.
- Why you should check your tax withholding.
The child tax credit and the additional child tax credit should not be confused with the child and dependent care credit discussed in chapter 32.
Credits, such as the child tax credit, the adoption credit, or the credit for child and dependent care expenses, are used to reduce tax. If your tax on Form 1040, line 46, or Form 1040A, line 28, is zero, do not figure the child tax credit because there is no tax to reduce. However, you may qualify for the additional child tax credit on line 65 (Form 1040) or line 42 (Form 1040A).taxmap/pub17/p17-178.htm#TXMP60817d0e
You may want to see:
Publication 972 Child Tax Credit Form (and Instructions) 8812: Additional Child Tax Credit W-4: Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificatetaxmap/pub17/p17-178.htm#en_us_publink1000174532
A qualifying child for purposes of the child tax credit is a child who:
- Is your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew),
- Was under age 17 at the end of 2009,
- Did not provide over half of his or her own support for 2009,
- Lived with you for more than half of 2009 (see Exceptions to time lived with you below),
- Is claimed as a dependent on your return, and
- Was a U.S. citizen, a U.S. national, or a resident of the United States. If the child was adopted, see Adopted child below.
For each qualifying child you must check the box on Form 1040 or Form 1040A, line 6c, column (4). taxmap/pub17/p17-178.htm#en_us_publink1000174535
Your son turned 17 on December 30, 2009. He is a citizen of the United States and you claimed him as a dependent on your return. He is not a qualifying child for the child tax credit because he was not under age 17 at the end of 2009.taxmap/pub17/p17-178.htm#en_us_publink1000174536
A child is considered to have lived with you for all of 2009 if the child was born or died in 2009 and your home was this child's home for the entire time he or she was alive. Temporary absences for special circumstances, such as for school, vacation, medical care, military service, or detention in a juvenile facility, count as time lived at home.
There are also exceptions for kidnapped children and children of divorced or separated parents. For details, see Residency Test
, in chapter 3.
An adopted child is always treated as your own child. An adopted child includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption.
If you are a U.S. citizen or U.S. national and your adopted child lived with you as a member of your household all year, that child meets condition (6) above to be a qualifying child for the child tax credit.