The abandonment of property is a disposition of property. You abandon property when you voluntarily and permanently give up possession and use of the property with the intention of ending your ownership but without passing it on to anyone else.
Loss from the abandonment of business or investment property is deductible as an ordinary loss, even if the property is a capital asset. The loss is the property's adjusted basis when abandoned. However, if the property is later foreclosed on or repossessed, gain or loss is figured as discussed earlier. The abandonment loss is deducted in the tax year in which the loss is sustained.
You cannot deduct any loss from abandonment of your home or other property held for personal use.taxmap/pubs/p4681-005.htm#en_us_publink1000244157
In 2006, Anne purchased a home for $200,000. In 2009, Anne lost her job and was unable to continue making her mortgage loan payments. Because her mortgage loan balance was $185,000 and the FMV of her home was only $150,000, Anne decided to abandon her home by permanently moving out on August 1, 2009. Anne has a nondeductible loss of $200,000 (the adjusted basis). If the bank later forecloses on the loan or repossesses the house, she will have to figure her gain or nondeductible loss as discussed earlier in chapter 2.
If the abandoned property secures a debt for which you are personally liable and the debt is canceled, you will realize ordinary income equal to the canceled debt. This income is separate from any loss realized from abandonment of the property. You must report this income on your return unless one of the exceptions or exclusions described in chapter 1 applies. See chapter 1
for more details.
If you abandon property that secures a loan and the lender knows the property has been abandoned, the lender should send you Form 1099-A showing information you need to figure your loss from the abandonment. However, if your debt is canceled and the lender must file Form 1099-C, the lender can include the information about the abandonment on that form instead of on Form 1099-A. The lender must file Form 1099-C and send you a copy if the amount of debt canceled is $600 or more and the lender is a financial institution, credit union, federal government agency, or any organization that has a significant trade or business of lending money. For abandonments of property and debt cancellations occurring in 2009, these forms should have been sent to you by February 1, 2010.