taxmap/pubs/p4681-006.htm#TXMP7e621eeeForm 1099-C, Cancellation of Debt
Table 1-1. Worksheet for Foreclosures and Repossessions (for Frank and Kathy Willow)
| Part 1. Complete Part 1 only if you were personally liable for the debt (even if none of the debt was canceled). Otherwise, go to Part 2.|| |
| 1. ||Enter the amount of outstanding debt immediately before the transfer of property reduced by any amount for which you remain personally liable immediately after the transfer of property|| $1,750,000.00 |
| 2. ||Enter the fair market value of the transferred property|| $1,750,000.00 |
| 3. || Ordinary income from the cancellation of debt upon foreclosure or repossession.* Subtract line 2 from line 1. If less than zero, enter zero. Next, go to Part 2|| $0.00 |
| Part 2. Gain or loss from foreclosure or repossession.|| |
| 4. ||Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 2. If you did not complete Part 1 (because you were not personally liable for the debt), enter the amount of outstanding debt immediately before the transfer of property.|| $1,750,000.00 |
| 5. ||Enter any proceeds you received from the foreclosure sale|| |
| 6. ||Add line 4 and line 5|| $1,750,000.00 |
| 7. ||Enter the adjusted basis of the transferred property|| $3,000,000.00 |
| 8. || Gain or loss from foreclosure or repossession. Subtract line 7 from line 6|| ($1,250,000.00) |
| * The income may not be taxable. See chapter 1 for more details.|
In 2007, Kathy and Frank Willow got married and entered into a contract with Hive Construction Corporation to build a house for $3,000,000 to be used as their main home. Kathy and Frank made a $400,000 down payment and took out a $2,600,000 mortgage to finance the remaining cost of the house. Kathy and Frank are personally liable for the mortgage loan, which is secured by the home.
In November 2009, when the outstanding principal balance on the mortgage loan was $2,500,000, the FMV of the property fell to $1,750,000 and Kathy and Frank abandoned the property by permanently moving out. The lender foreclosed on the property and, on December 3, 2009, sold the property to another buyer for $1,750,000. On December 26, 2009, the lender canceled the remaining debt. Kathy and Frank have no tax attributes other than basis of personal use property.
The lender issued a 2009 Form 1099-C to Kathy and Frank showing canceled debt of $750,000 in box 2 (the remaining balance on the $2,500,000 mortgage debt after application of the foreclosure sale proceeds) and $1,750,000 in box 7 (FMV of the property). Although Kathy and Frank abandoned the property, the lender did not need to also file a Form 1099-A because the lender canceled the debt in connection with the foreclosure in the same calendar year. Kathy and Frank are filing a joint return for 2009.
Because the foreclosure occurred prior to the debt cancellation, Kathy and Frank first calculate their gain or loss from the foreclosure using Table 1-1
. Because Kathy and Frank remained personally liable for the $750,000 debt remaining after the foreclosure ($2,500,000 outstanding debt immediately before the foreclosure minus $1,750,000 satisfied through the sale of the home), Kathy and Frank enter $1,750,000 on line 1 of Table 1-1
($2,500,000 outstanding debt immediately before the foreclosure minus the $750,000 for which they remained liable). Completing Table 1-1
, Kathy and Frank find that they have no ordinary income from the cancellation of debt upon foreclosure and that they have a $1,250,000 loss. Because this loss relates to their home, it is a nondeductible loss.
Because the lender later canceled the remaining amount of the debt, Kathy and Frank must also determine whether that canceled debt is taxable. Immediately before the cancellation, Kathy and Frank had $15,000 in a savings account, household furnishings with an FMV of $17,000, a car with an FMV of $10,000, and $18,000 in credit card debt. Kathy and Frank also had the $750,000 remaining balance on the mortgage loan at that time. The household furnishings originally cost $30,000. The car had been fully paid off (so there was no related outstanding debt) and was originally purchased for $16,000. Kathy and Frank had no adjustments to the cost basis of the car. Kathy and Frank had no other assets or liabilities at the time of the cancellation. Kathy and Frank complete the insolvency worksheet to calculate that they were insolvent to the extent of $726,000 immediately before the cancellation ($768,000 of total liabilities minus $42,000 FMV of total assets).
At the beginning of 2010, Kathy and Frank had $9,000 in their savings account and $15,000 in credit card debt. Kathy and Frank also owned the same car at that time (still with an FMV of $10,000 and basis of $16,000) and the same household furnishings (still with an FMV of $17,000 and a basis of $30,000). Kathy and Frank had no other assets or liabilities at that time. Kathy and Frank no longer own the home because the lender foreclosed on it in 2009.
The insolvency exclusion does not apply if the indebtedness is qualified principal residence indebtedness unless Kathy and Frank elect to apply the insolvency exclusion instead of the qualified principal residence indebtedness exclusion. The maximum amount that Kathy and Frank can treat as qualified principal residence indebtedness is $2,000,000. The remaining $500,000 ($2,500,000 outstanding mortgage loan minus $2,000,000 limit on qualified principal residence indebtedness) is not qualified principal residence indebtedness. Because only a part of the loan is qualified principal residence indebtedness, Kathy and Frank must apply the ordering rule to the canceled debt. Under the ordering rule, the qualified principal residence indebtedness exclusion applies only to the extent that the amount canceled ($750,000) exceeds the amount of the loan (immediately before the cancellation) that is not qualified principal residence indebtedness ($500,000). This means that Kathy and Frank can only exclude $250,000 ($750,000 amount canceled minus $500,000 nonqualified debt) under the qualified principal residence indebtedness exclusion.
Kathy and Frank do not elect to have the insolvency exclusion apply instead of the qualified principal residence exclusion. Nonetheless, they can still apply the insolvency exclusion to the $500,000 nonqualified debt because such debt is not qualified principal residence indebtedness. Kathy and Frank can exclude the remaining $500,000 canceled debt under the insolvency exclusion because they were insolvent immediately before the cancellation to the extent of $726,000. Thus, Kathy and Frank check the boxes on lines 1b and 1e of Form 982 and enter $750,000 on line 2 ($250,000 excluded under the qualified principal residence indebtedness exclusion plus $500,000 excluded under the insolvency exclusion).
Next, Kathy and Frank reduce their tax attributes using Part II of Form 982. Because Kathy and Frank no longer own the home due to the foreclosure, Kathy and Frank have no remaining basis in the home at the time of the debt cancellation. Thus, Kathy and Frank leave line 10b of Form 982 blank. However, Kathy and Frank are also excluding nonqualified debt under the insolvency exclusion. As a result, Kathy and Frank must reduce the basis of property they own based on the amount of canceled debt they are excluding from income under the insolvency rules. Because Kathy and Frank have no tax attributes other than basis of personal use property to reduce, Kathy and Frank figure the amount they must include on line 10a of Form 982 by taking the smallest of:
- The $46,000 bases of their personal use property held at the beginning of 2010 ($16,000 basis in the car plus $30,000 basis in household furnishings),
- The $500,000 of the nonbusiness debt (other than qualified principal residence indebtedness) that they are excluding from income on line 2 of Form 982, or
- The $43,000 excess of the total bases of the property and the amount of money they held immediately after the cancellation over their total liabilities immediately after the cancellation ($15,000 in savings account plus $30,000 basis in household furnishings plus $16,000 adjusted basis in car minus $18,000 credit card debt).
Kathy and Frank enter $43,000 on Form 982, line 10a and reduce their bases in the car and the household furnishings to $0.
Following are Kathy and Frank's sample forms and worksheets. taxmap/pubs/p4681-006.htm#en_us_publink1000244180
Insolvency Worksheet—Frank and Kathy Willow
|Date debt was canceled (mm/dd/yy)||12/26/09|
|Part I. Total liabilities immediately before the cancellation (do not include the same liability in more than one category)|
| Liabilities (debts) || Amount Owed|
Immediately Before the
|1.||Credit card debt|| $ 18,000 |
|2.||Mortgage(s) on real property (including first and second mortgages and home equity loans) (mortgage(s) can be on personal residence, any additional residence, or property held for investment or used in a trade or business)|| $ 750,000 |
|3.||Car and other vehicle loans||$|
|4.||Medical bills owed||$|
|6.||Accrued or past-due mortgage interest||$|
|7.||Accrued or past-due real estate taxes||$|
|8.||Accrued or past-due utilities (water, gas, electric)||$|
|9.||Accrued or past-due child care costs||$|
|10.||Federal or state income taxes remaining due (for prior tax years)||$|
|12.||Business debts (including those owed as a sole proprietor or partner)||$|
|13.||Margin debt on stocks and other debt to purchase or secured by investment assets other than real property||$|
|14.||Other liabilities (debts) not included above||$|
|15.||Total liabilities immediately before the cancellation. Add lines 1 through 14.|| $ 768,000 |
|Part II. Fair market value (FMV) of assets owned immediately before the cancellation (do not include the FMV of the same asset in more than one category)|
| Assets || FMV Immediately Before |
|16.||Cash and bank account balances|| $ 15,000 |
|17.||Homes (including the value of land) (can be main home, any additional home, or property held for investment or used in a trade or business)||$|
|18.||Cars and other vehicles|| $ 10,000 |
|20.||Household goods and furnishings (for example, appliances, electronics, furniture, etc.)|| $ 17,000 |
|25.||Stocks and bonds||$|
|26.||Investments in coins, stamps, paintings, or other collectibles||$|
|27.||Firearms, sports, photographic, and other hobby equipment||$|
|28.||Interest in retirement accounts (IRA accounts, 401(k) accounts, and other retirement accounts)||$|
|29.||Interest in a pension plan||$|
|30.||Interest in education accounts||$|
|31.||Cash value of life insurance||$|
|32.||Security deposits with landlords, utilities, and others||$|
|33.||Interests in partnerships||$|
|34.||Value of investment in a business||$|
|35.||Other investments (for example, annuity contracts, guaranteed investment contracts, mutual funds, commodity accounts, interests in hedge funds, and options)||$|
|36.||Other assets not included above||$|
|37.||FMV of total assets immediately before the cancellation. Add lines 16 through 36.|| $ 42,000 |
|Part III. Insolvency|
|38.|| Amount of Insolvency. Subtract line 37 from line 15. If zero or less, you are not insolvent.|| $ 726,000 |