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taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116905

Kerosene for Use in Aviation(p10)


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taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116906

Taxable Events(p10)


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Generally, kerosene is taxed at $.244 per gallon unless a reduced rate applies (see Diesel Fuel and Kerosene, earlier).
For kerosene removed directly from a terminal into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in noncommercial aviation, the tax rate is $.219. The rate of $.219 also applies if kerosene is removed into any aircraft from a qualified refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon that is loaded with the kerosene from a terminal that is located within an airport. The airport terminal does not need to be a secured airport terminal for this rate to apply. However, the refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon must meet the requirements discussed under Certain refueler trucks, tankers, and tank wagons, treated as terminals, later.
For kerosene removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in commercial aviation, the rate of tax is $.044 per gallon. For kerosene removed into an aircraft from a qualified refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon, the $.044 rate applies only if the truck, tanker, or tank wagon is loaded at a terminal that is located in a secured area of the airport. See Terminal located within a secured area of an airport, later. In addition, the operator must provide the position holder with a certificate similar to Model Certificate K in the Appendix.
For kerosene removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for a use exempt from tax under Internal Revenue Code section 4041(c) (such as use in an aircraft for the exclusive use of a state or local government), the rate of tax is $.001. There is no tax on kerosene removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in foreign trade. The kerosene must be removed from a qualifying refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon loaded at a terminal located within a secured area of an airport. See Terminal located within a secured area of an airport, later. In addition, the operator must provide the position holder with a certificate similar to Model Certificate K in the Appendix. The position holder is liable for the $.001 per gallon tax.
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116907

Certain refueler trucks, tankers, and tank wagons treated as terminals.(p10)


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For purposes of the tax imposed on kerosene for use in aviation removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in commercial aviation, certain refueler trucks, tankers, and tank wagons are treated as part of a terminal if the following conditions are met.
  1. Such terminal is located within an area of an airport.
  2. Any kerosene for use in aviation that is loaded in a refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon at a terminal is for delivery into aircraft at the airport in which the terminal is located.
  3. Except in exigent circumstances, such as those identified in Notice 2005-80, no vehicle registered for highway use is loaded with kerosene for use in aviation at the terminal.
  4. The refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon meets the following requirements:
    1. Has storage tanks, hose, and coupling equipment designed and used for fueling aircraft,
    2. Is not registered for highway use, and
    3. Is operated by the terminal operator or a person that makes a daily accounting to the terminal operator of each delivery of fuel from the refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon. Information reporting will be required by terminal operators regarding this provision. Until the format of this information reporting is issued, taxpayers are required to retain records regarding the daily accounting, but are not required to report such information.
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116908

Terminal located within a secured area of an airport.(p11)


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See Notice 2005-4 and Notice 2005-80 for the list of terminals located within a secured area of an airport. This list refers to fueling operations at airport terminals as it applies to the federal excise tax on kerosene for use in aviation, and has nothing to do with the general security of airports either included or not included in the list.
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116909

Liability For Tax(p11)


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If the kerosene is removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in commercial aviation, the operator of the aircraft in commercial aviation is liable for the tax on the removal at the rate of $.044 per gallon. However, the position holder is liable for the LUST tax for kerosene for use in aviation removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use exempt from tax under Internal Revenue Code section 4041(c) (except foreign trade). For example, for kerosene removed directly into the aircraft for use in military aircraft, the position holder is liable for the tax.
For the aircraft operator to be liable for the tax $.044 rate, the position holder must meet the following requirements:
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116910

Commercial aviation.(p11)


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Commercial aviation is any use of an aircraft in the business of transporting persons or property by air for pay. However, commercial aviation does not include any of the following uses.
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116911

Certificate for Commercial Aviation and Exempt Uses(p11)


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Certificate for Commercial Aviation and Exempt Uses

A certificate is required from the aircraft operator:
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116912

Certificate.(p11)


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The certificate may be included as part of any business records normally used for a sale. See Model Certificate K in the Appendix.
A certificate expires on the earliest of the following dates.
The buyer must provide a new certificate if any information on a certificate has changed.
The IRS may withdraw the buyer's right to provide a certificate if the buyer uses the kerosene for use in aviation to which a certificate relates other than as stated in the certificate.
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116913

Exempt use.(p11)
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The rate on kerosene for use in aviation is $.001 (LUST tax) if it is removed from any refinery or terminal directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for an exempt use. An exempt use includes kerosene for the exclusive use of a state or local government. There is no tax on kerosene removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in foreign trade.
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116914

Flash title transaction.(p11)


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A position holder is not liable for tax if, among other conditions, it obtains a certificate (described above) from the operator of the aircraft into which the kerosene is delivered. In a "flash title transaction" the position holder sells the kerosene to a wholesale distributor (reseller) that in turn sells the kerosene to the aircraft operator as the kerosene is being removed from a terminal into the fuel tank of an aircraft. In this case, the position holder will be treated as having a certificate from the operator of the aircraft if:
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116915

Reseller statement.(p11)
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This is a statement that is signed under penalties of perjury by a person with authority to bind the reseller; is provided at the bottom or on the back of the certificate (or in an attached document); and contains:
taxmap/pubs/p510-008.htm#en_us_publink1000116916

Credits or Refunds(p11)


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A claim may be made by the ultimate purchaser (the operator) for taxed kerosene for use in aviation used in commercial aviation (other than foreign trade) and noncommercial aviation (other than nonexempt, noncommercial aviation and exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia). A claim may be made by a registered ultimate vendor for certain sales. For more information, see chapter 2.