Combat zone participants.(p1)
If you were a civilian who served in a combat zone or qualified hazardous duty area in support of the U.S. Armed Forces, you can get certain extensions of deadlines for filing tax returns, paying taxes, filing claims for refund, and doing certain other tax-related acts. For details, see Publication 3, Armed Forces' Tax Guide. taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022642
Death due to terrorist or military action.(p1)
U.S. income taxes are forgiven for a U.S. Government civilian employee who dies as a result of wounds or injuries incurred while employed by the U.S. Government. The wounds or injuries must have been caused by terrorist or military action directed against the United States or its allies. The taxes are forgiven for the deceased employee's tax years beginning with the year immediately before the year in which the wounds or injury occurred and ending with the year of death.
If the deceased government employee and the employee's spouse filed a joint return, only the decedent's part of the joint tax liability is forgiven.
For additional details, see Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators.
If you are a U.S. citizen working for the U.S. Government, including the foreign service, and you are stationed abroad, your income tax filing requirements are generally the same as those for citizens and residents living in the United States. You are taxed on your worldwide income, even though you live and work abroad.
However, you may receive certain allowances and have certain expenses that you generally do not have while living in the United States. This publication explains:
- Many of the allowances, reimbursements, and property sales you are likely to have, and whether you must report them as income on your tax return, and
- Many of the expenses you are likely to have, such as moving expenses and foreign taxes, and whether you can deduct them on your tax return.
This publication does not cover the rules that apply if you are stationed in American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, or Puerto Rico. That information is in Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U.S. Possessions.taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022644
We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions.
You can write to us at the following address:
Internal Revenue Service
Individual Forms and Publications Branch
1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526
Washington, DC 20224
We respond to many letters by telephone. Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence.
You can email us at *email@example.com
. (The asterisk must be included in the address.) Please put "Publications Comment" on the subject line. Although we cannot respond individually to each email, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products.
to download forms and publications, call 1-800-829-3676, or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received.
Internal Revenue Service
1201 N. Mitsubishi Motorway
Bloomington, IL 61705-6613
If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS.gov
or call 1-800-829-1040. We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses.
You may want to see:
Publication 54 Tax Guide for U.S. Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad 463 Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses 514 Foreign Tax Credit for Individuals 521 Moving Expenses 523 Selling Your Home Form (and Instructions) Schedule A: (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions 1116: Foreign Tax Credit 2106: Employee Business Expenses 2106-EZ: Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses 3903: Moving Expenses 4868: Application for Automatic Extension of Time To File U.S. Individual Income Tax Return TD F 90-22.1: Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts
See How To Get Tax Help, near the end of this publication, for information about getting these publications and forms.taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022645
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident living or traveling outside the United States, you are generally required to file income tax returns in the same way as those residing in the United States. However, the special rules explained in the following discussions may apply to you.taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022646
Most individual tax returns cover a calendar year, January through December. The regular due date for these tax returns is April 15 of the following year. If April 15 falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, your tax return is considered timely filed if it is filed by the next business day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. If you get an extension, you are allowed additional time to file and, in some circumstances, pay your tax. You must pay interest on any tax not paid by the regular due date.
Your return is considered filed on time if it is mailed from and officially postmarked in a foreign country on or before the due date (including extensions), or given to a designated international private delivery service before midnight of the last date prescribed for filing. See your tax form instructions for a list of private delivery services that have been designated by the IRS to meet this "timely mailing as timely filing/paying" rule for tax returns and payments.
If your return is filed late, the postmark or delivery service date does not determine the date of filing. In that case, your return is considered filed when it is received by the IRS. taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022647
You may be able to get an extension of time to file your return and pay your tax.taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022648
You can get an automatic 2-month extension (to June 15, for a calendar year return) to file your return and pay your tax if you are a U.S. citizen or resident and, on the regular due date of your return, you are living outside the United States and Puerto Rico and your main place of business or post of duty is outside the United States and Puerto Rico. To get this extension, you must attach a statement to your return explaining how you qualified. You will owe interest on any tax not paid by the regular due date of your return.taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022649
If you file a joint return, either you or your spouse can qualify for the automatic extension. If you and your spouse file separate returns, the extension applies only to the spouse who qualifies. taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink1000243555
You can apply for an additional extension of time to file your return by filing Form 4868. You must file Form 4868 by the due date for your income tax return.
Generally, you must file it by April 15. However, if you qualify for the automatic 2-month extension, you generally must file Form 4868 by June 15. Check the box on line 8 of Form 4868. taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022651
You should estimate and pay any additional tax you owe when you file Form 4868 to avoid being charged a late-payment penalty. The late-payment penalty applies if, through withholding, etc., you paid less than 90% of your actual tax liability by the original due date of your income tax return. Even if the late-payment penalty does not apply, you will be charged interest on any unpaid tax liability from the original due date of the return until the tax is paid. taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022652
You can file for the additional extension by phone, using tax software, or through a tax professional. See Form 4868 for more information. taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022653
You generally cannot get a total extension of more than 6 months. However, if you are outside the United States and meet certain tests, you may be able to get a longer extension.
For more information, see Publication 54.taxmap/pubs/p516-000.htm#en_us_publink100022654
You must file Form TD F 90-22.1 if at any time during the year you had an interest in, or signature or other authority over, a bank account, securities account, or other financial account in a foreign country. This applies if the combined assets in the account(s) were more than $10,000. Do not include accounts in a U.S. military banking facility operated by a U.S. financial institution.
File the completed form by June 30 of the following year with the Department of the Treasury at the address shown on that form. Do not attach it to Form 1040. If you are required to file Form TD F 90-22.1 but do not do so, you may have to pay a penalty of up to $10,000 (more if the failure to file is willful).