Some expenses that you incur as an investor are not deductible.taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010285
You cannot deduct transportation and other expenses that you pay to attend stockholders' meetings of companies in which you have no interest other than owning stock. This is true even if your purpose in attending is to get information that would be useful in making further investments. taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010286
You cannot deduct expenses for attending a convention, seminar, or similar meeting for investment purposes. taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010287
You cannot deduct interest on money you borrow to buy or carry a single-premium life insurance, endowment, or annuity contract. taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010288
If you use a single premium annuity contract as collateral to obtain or continue a mortgage loan, you cannot deduct any interest on the loan that is collateralized by the annuity contract. Figure the amount of interest expense disallowed by multiplying the current interest rate on the mortgage loan by the lesser of the amount of the annuity contract used as collateral or the amount of the loan. taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010289
Generally, you cannot deduct interest on money you borrow to buy or carry a life insurance, endowment, or annuity contract if you plan to systematically borrow part or all of the increases in the cash value of the contract. This rule applies to the interest on the total amount borrowed to buy or carry the contract, not just the interest on the borrowed increases in the cash value. taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010290
You cannot deduct expenses you incur to produce tax-exempt income. Nor can you deduct interest on money you borrow to buy tax-exempt securities or shares in a mutual fund or other regulated investment company that distributes only exempt-interest dividends. taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010291
The rule disallowing a deduction for interest expenses on tax-exempt securities applies to amounts you pay in connection with personal property used in a short sale or amounts paid by others for the use of any collateral in connection with the short sale. However, it does not apply to the expenses you incur if you deposit cash as collateral for the property used in the short sale and the cash does not earn a material return during the period of the sale. Short sales are discussed in chapter 4. taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010292
You may have expenses that are for both tax-exempt and taxable income. If you cannot specifically identify what part of the expenses is for each type of income, you can divide the expenses, using reasonable proportions based on facts and circumstances. You must attach a statement to your return showing how you divided the expenses and stating that each deduction claimed is not based on tax-exempt income.
One accepted method for dividing expenses is to do it in the same proportion that each type of income is to the total income. If the expenses relate in part to capital gains and losses, include the gains, but not the losses, in figuring this proportion. To find the part of the expenses that is for the tax-exempt income, divide your tax-exempt income by the total income and multiply your expenses by the result. taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010293
You received $6,000 interest; $4,800 was tax-exempt and $1,200 was taxable. In earning this income, you had $500 of expenses. You cannot specifically identify the amount of each expense item that is for each income item, so you must divide your expenses. 80% ($4,800 tax-exempt interest divided by $6,000 total interest) of your expenses is for the tax-exempt income. You cannot deduct $400 (80% of $500) of the expenses. You can deduct $100 (the rest of the expenses) because they are for the taxable interest.taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010294
If you itemize your deductions, you can deduct, as taxes, state income taxes on interest income that is exempt from federal income tax. But you cannot deduct, as either taxes or investment expenses, state income taxes on other exempt income. taxmap/pubs/p550-017.htm#en_us_publink100010295
You cannot deduct interest and carrying charges that are allocable to personal property that is part of a straddle. The nondeductible interest and carrying charges are added to the basis of the straddle property. However, this treatment does not apply if:
- All the offsetting positions making up the straddle either consist of one or more qualified covered call options and the optioned stock or consist of section 1256 contracts (and the straddle is not part of a larger straddle), or
- The straddle is a hedging transaction.
For information about straddles, including definitions of the terms used in this discussion, see chapter 4
Interest includes any amount you pay or incur in connection with personal property used in a short sale. However, you must first apply the rules discussed in Payments in lieu of dividends
under Short Sales
in chapter 4.
Figure the nondeductible amount of interest and carrying charges on straddle property as follows.
- Interest on indebtedness incurred or continued to buy or carry the personal property, and
- All other amounts (including charges to insure, store, or transport the personal property) paid or incurred to carry the personal property.
- Subtract from the amount in (1):
- Interest (including OID) includible in gross income for the year on the personal property,
- Any income from the personal property treated as ordinary income on the disposition of short-term government obligations or as ordinary income under the market discount and short-term bond provisions — see Discount on Debt Instruments in chapter 1,
- The dividends includible in gross income for the year from the personal property, and
- Any payment on a loan of the personal property for use in a short sale that is includible in gross income.
Add the nondeductible amount to the basis of your straddle property.