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## Chapter 5 |

As discussed in chapters 2 and 4, if you are self-employed, you must use the following rate table or rate worksheet and deduction worksheet to figure your deduction for contributions you made for yourself to a SEP-IRA or qualified plan.

First, use either the rate table or rate worksheet to find your reduced contribution rate. Then complete the deduction worksheet to figure your deduction for contributions.

The table and the worksheets in chapter 5 apply only to self-employed individuals who have only one defined contribution plan, such as a profit-sharing plan. A SEP plan is treated as a profit-sharing plan. However, do not use this worksheet for SARSEPs. |

## Rate table for self-employed.(p22) |

If your plan's contribution rate is a whole percentage (for example, 12% rather than 121/2%), you can use the table on the next page to find your reduced contribution rate. Otherwise, use the rate worksheet provided below.

First, find your plan contribution rate (the contribution rate stated in your plan) in *Column A *of the table. Then read across to the rate under *Column B. *Enter the rate from *Column B *in step 4 of the *Deduction Worksheet for Self-Employed* on this page.

taxmap/pubs/p560-022.htm#en_us_publink10009066You are a sole proprietor with no employees. If your plan's contribution rate is 10% of a participant's compensation, your rate is 0.090909. Enter this rate in step 4 of the *Deduction Worksheet for Self-Employed* on this page.

taxmap/pubs/p560-022.htm#en_us_publink10009067taxmap/pubs/p560-022.htm#f1235 ### Deduction Worksheet for Self-Employed

Step 1 | |||||

Enter your net profit from line 31, Schedule C (Form 1040); line 3, Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040); line 36, Schedule F (Form 1040); or box 14, code A*, Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) | |||||

*General partners should reduce this amount by the same additional expenses subtracted from box 14, code A to determine the amount on line 1 or 2 of Schedule SE | |||||

Step 2 | |||||

Enter your deduction for self-employment tax from line 27, Form 1040 | |||||

Step 3 | |||||

Net earnings from self-employment. Subtract step 2 from step 1 | |||||

Step 4 | |||||

Enter your rate from the Rate Table for Self-Employed or Rate Worksheet for Self-Employed | |||||

Step 5 | |||||

Multiply step 3 by step 4 | |||||

Step 6 | |||||

Multiply $245,000 by your plan contribution rate (not the reduced rate) | |||||

Step 7 | |||||

Enter the smaller of step 5 or step 6 | |||||

Step 8 | |||||

Contribution dollar limit | $49,000 | ||||

• | If you made any elective deferrals to your self-employed plan, go to step 9. | ||||

• | Otherwise, skip steps 9 through 20 and enter the smaller of step 7 or step 8 on step 21. | ||||

Step 9 | |||||

Enter your allowable elective deferrals (including designated Roth contributions) made to your self-employed plan during 2009. Do not enter more than $16,500 | |||||

Step 10 | |||||

Subtract step 9 from step 8 | |||||

Step 11 | |||||

Subtract step 9 from step 3 | |||||

Step 12 | |||||

Enter one-half of step 11 | |||||

Step 13 | |||||

Enter the smallest of step 7, 10, or 12 | |||||

Step 14 | |||||

Subtract step 13 from step 3 | |||||

Step 15 | |||||

Enter the smaller of step 9 or step 14 | |||||

• | If you made catch-up contributions, go to step 16. | ||||

• | Otherwise, skip steps 16 through 18 and go to step 19. | ||||

Step 16 | |||||

Subtract step 15 from step 14 | |||||

Step 17 | |||||

Enter your catch-up contributions (including designated Roth contributions), if any. Do not enter more than $5,500 | |||||

Step 18 | |||||

Enter the smaller of step 16 or step 17 | |||||

Step 19 | |||||

Add steps 13, 15, and 18. | |||||

Step 20 | |||||

Enter the amount of designated Roth contributions included on lines 9 and 17. | |||||

Step 21 | |||||

Subtract step 20 from step 19. This is your maximum deductible contribution. | |||||

Next: Enter this amount on line 28, Form 1040. |

## Rate worksheet for self-employed.(p22) |

If your plan's contribution rate is not a whole percentage (for example, 101/2%), you cannot use the *Rate Table for Self-Employed.* Use the following worksheet instead. **Rate Worksheet for Self-Employed**

taxmap/pubs/p560-022.htm#en_us_publink100090681) | Plan contribution rate as a decimal (for example, 101/2% = 0.105) | |

2) | Rate in line 1 plus 1 (for example, 0.105 + 1 = 1.105) | |

3) | Self-employed rate as a decimal rounded to at least 3 decimal places (line 1 ÷ line 2) (for example, 0.105 ÷ 1.105 = 0.095) |

## Figuring your deduction.(p22) |

Now that you have your self-employed rate from either the rate table or rate worksheet, you can figure your maximum deduction for contributions for yourself by completing the *Deduction Worksheet for Self-Employed*.

taxmap/pubs/p560-022.htm#en_us_publink10009069Community property laws.(p23) |

If you reside in a community property state and you are married and filing a separate return, disregard community property laws for step 1 of the *Deduction Worksheet for Self-Employed.* Enter on step 1 the total net profit you actually earned.

taxmap/pubs/p560-022.htm#f1236 ### Deduction Worksheet for Self-Employed

Step 1 | |||||

Enter your net profit from line 31, Schedule C (Form 1040); line 3, Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040); line 36, Schedule F (Form 1040); or box 14, code A*, Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) | $200,000 | ||||

*General partners should reduce this amount by the same additional expenses subtracted from box 14, code A to determine the amount on line 1 or 2 of Schedule SE | |||||

Step 2 | |||||

Enter your deduction for self-employment tax from line 27, Form 1040 | 9,300 | ||||

Step 3 | |||||

Net earnings from self-employment. Subtract step 2 from step 1 | 190,700 | ||||

Step 4 | |||||

Enter your rate from the Rate Table for Self-Employed or Rate Worksheet for Self-Employed | 0.078 | ||||

Step 5 | |||||

Multiply step 3 by step 4 | 14,875 | ||||

Step 6 | |||||

Multiply $245,000 by your plan contribution rate (not the reduced rate) | 20,825 | ||||

Step 7 | |||||

Enter the smaller of step 5 or step 6 | 14,875 | ||||

Step 8 | |||||

Contribution dollar limit | $49,000 | ||||

• | If you made any elective deferrals to your self-employed plan, go to step 9. | ||||

• | Otherwise, skip steps 9 through 20 and enter the smaller of step 7 or step 8 on step 21. | ||||

Step 9 | |||||

Enter your allowable elective deferrals (including designated Roth contributions) made to your self-employed plan during 2009. Do not enter more than $16,500 | N/A | ||||

Step 10 | |||||

Subtract step 9 from step 8 | |||||

Step 11 | |||||

Subtract step 9 from step 3 | |||||

Step 12 | |||||

Enter one-half of step 11 | |||||

Step 13 | |||||

Enter the smallest of step 7, 10, or 12 | |||||

Step 14 | |||||

Subtract step 13 from step 3 | |||||

Step 15 | |||||

Enter the smaller of step 9 or step 14 | |||||

• | If you made catch-up contributions, go to step 16. | ||||

• | Otherwise, skip steps 16 through 18 and go to step 19. | ||||

Step 16 | |||||

Subtract step 15 from step 14 | |||||

Step 17 | |||||

Enter your catch-up contributions (including designated Roth contributions), if any. Do not enter more than $5,500 | |||||

Step 18 | |||||

Enter the smaller of step 16 or step 17 | |||||

Step 19 | |||||

Add steps 13, 15, and 18. | |||||

Step 20 | |||||

Enter the amount of designated Roth contributions included on lines 9 and 17 | |||||

Step 21 | |||||

Subtract step 20 from step 19. This is your maximum deductible contribution | $14,875 | ||||

Next: Enter this amount on line 28, Form 1040. |

Column A If the plan contri- bution rate is: (shown as %) | Column B Your rate is: (shown as decimal) |

1 | .009901 |

2 | .019608 |

3 | .029126 |

4 | .038462 |

5 | .047619 |

6 | .056604 |

7 | .065421 |

8 | .074074 |

9 | .082569 |

10 | .090909 |

11 | .099099 |

12 | .107143 |

13 | .115044 |

14 | .122807 |

15 | .130435 |

16 | .137931 |

17 | .145299 |

18 | .152542 |

19 | .159664 |

20 | .166667 |

21 | .173554 |

22 | .180328 |

23 | .186992 |

24 | .193548 |

25* | .200000* |

*The deduction for annual employer contributions (other than elective deferrals) to a SEP plan, a profit-sharing plan, or a money purchase plan cannot be more than 20% of your net earnings (figured without deducting contributions for yourself) from the business that has the plan. |

You are a sole proprietor with no employees. The terms of your plan provide that you contribute 81/2% (.085) of your compensation to your plan. Your net profit from line 31, Schedule C (Form 1040) is $200,000. You have no elective deferrals or catch-up contributions. Your self-employment tax deduction on line 27 of Form 1040 is $9,300. See the filled-in portions of both Schedule SE (Form 1040), Self-Employment Income, and Form 1040, later.

You figure your self-employed rate and maximum deduction for employer contributions you made for yourself as follows.

See the filled-in Deduction Worksheet for Self-Employed on this page. **Rate Worksheet for Self-Employed**

1) | Plan contribution rate as a decimal (for example, 101/2% = 0.105) | 0.085 |

2) | Rate in line 1 plus 1 (for example, 0.105 + 1 = 1.105) | 1.085 |

3) | Self-employed rate as a decimal rounded to at least 3 decimal places (line 1 ÷ line 2) (for example, 0.105 ÷ 1.105 = 0.095) | 0.078 |