Any eligible employee can participate in a 403(b) plan.taxmap/pubs/p571-003.htm#en_us_publink1000239619
The following employees are eligible to participate in a 403(b) plan.
- Employees of tax-exempt organizations established under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. These organizations are usually referred to as section 501(c)(3) organizations or simply 501(c)(3) organizations.
- Employees of public school systems who are involved in the day-to-day operations of a school.
- Employees of cooperative hospital service organizations.
- Civilian faculty and staff of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS).
- Employees of public school systems organized by Indian tribal governments.
- Certain ministers (explained next).
The following ministers are eligible employees for whom a 403(b) account can be established.
- Ministers employed by section 501(c)(3) organizations.
- Self-employed ministers. A self-employed minister is treated as employed by a tax-exempt organization that is a qualified employer.
- Ministers (chaplains) who meet both of the following requirements.
- They are employed by organizations that are not section 501(c)(3) organizations.
- They function as ministers in their day-to-day professional responsibilities with their employers.
Throughout this publication, the term chaplain will be used to mean ministers described in the third category in the list above.taxmap/pubs/p571-003.htm#en_us_publink1000239621
A minister employed as a chaplain by a state-run prison and a chaplain in the United States Armed Forces are eligible employees because their employers are not section 501(c)(3) organizations and they are employed as ministers.