skip navigation

Search Help
Navigation Help


Main Topics
A B C D E F G H I
J K L M N O P Q R
S T U V W X Y Z #


FAQs
Forms
Publications
Tax Topics


Comments
About Tax Map
IRS Tax Map 2008
Current IRS Tax Map

taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230269
Publication 590

Individual 
Retirement 
Arrangements 
(IRAs)


rule
spacer


What's New for 2009(p2)


spacer

taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230271

Modified AGI limit for traditional IRA contributions increased.(p2)

For 2009, if you were covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA is reduced (phased out) if your modified AGI is:
If you either lived with your spouse or file a joint return, and your spouse was covered by a retirement plan at work, but you were not, your deduction is phased out if your modified AGI is more than $166,000 but less than $176,000. If your modified AGI is $176,000 or more, you cannot take a deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA. See How Much Can You Deduct? in chapter 1.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230273

Modified AGI limit for Roth IRA contributions increased.(p2)

For 2009, your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced (phased out) in the following situations. See Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? in chapter 2.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230275

Modified AGI limit for retirement savings contributions credit increased.(p2)

For 2009, you may be able to claim the retirement savings contributions credit if your modified AGI is not more than: See Can you claim the credit? in chapter 5.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230277

Waiver of required minimum distribution rules.(p2)

No minimum distribution is required from your traditional or Roth IRA for 2009. See Waiver of required minimum distribution rules for 2009 in chapter 1.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230279

Military differential pay.(p2)

For IRA purposes, your compensation includes any military differential pay you receive from your employer while you are serving on active duty for a period of more than 30 days. For more information, see Military differential pay in chapter 1.

What's New for 2010(p2)


spacer

taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230282

Modified AGI limit for traditional IRA contributions increased.(p2)

For 2010, if you are covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA is reduced (phased out) if your modified AGI is:
If you either live with your spouse or file a joint return, and your spouse is covered by a retirement plan at work, but you are not, your deduction is phased out if your modified AGI is more than $167,000 but less than $177,000. If your modified AGI is $177,000 or more, you cannot take a deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA. See How Much Can You Deduct? in chapter 1.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230284

Modified AGI limit for Roth IRA contributions increased.(p2)

For 2010, your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced (phased out) in the following situations. See Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? in chapter 2.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230286

Conversions to Roth IRAs.(p2)

Beginning in 2010, the modified AGI and filing status requirements for converting a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA are eliminated.
Also, for any 2010 rollover from an IRA other than a Roth IRA to a Roth IRA, any amounts that would be included as income will be included in income in equal amounts in 2011 and 2012. You can choose to include the entire amount in income in 2010.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230287

Catch-up contributions in certain employer bankruptcies.(p2)

The provision for additional catch-up contributions in certain employer bankruptcies does not apply for 2010 or later years.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230288

Qualified charitable distributions (QCDs).(p3)

The provision for tax-free distributions from IRAs for charitable purposes is scheduled to expire and will not be available for 2010.

Reminders(p3)


spacer

taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230290

Simplified employee pension (SEP).(p3)

SEP IRAs are not covered in this publication. They are covered in Publication 560, Retirement Plans for Small Business.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230291

Deemed IRAs.(p3)

A qualified employer plan (retirement plan) can maintain a separate account or annuity under the plan (a deemed IRA) to receive voluntary employee contributions. If the separate account or annuity otherwise meets the requirements of an IRA, it will be subject only to IRA rules. An employee's account can be treated as a traditional IRA or a Roth IRA.
For this purpose, a "qualified employer plan" includes:
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230292

Contributions to both traditional and Roth IRAs.(p3)

For information on your combined contribution limit if you contribute to both traditional and Roth IRAs, see Roth IRAs and traditional IRAs under How Much Can Be Contributed? in chapter 2.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230294

Statement of required minimum distribution (RMD).(p3)

If an RMD is required from your IRA, the trustee, custodian, or issuer that held the IRA at the end of the preceding year must either report the amount of the RMD to you, or offer to calculate it for you. The report or offer must include the date by which the amount must be distributed. The report is due January 31 of the year in which the minimum distribution is required. It can be provided with the year-end fair market value statement that you normally get each year. No report is required for section 403(b) contracts (generally tax-sheltered annuities) or for IRAs of owners who have died.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230295

Waiver of RMD for 2009.(p3)

You are not required to take an RMD for 2009 from your IRA.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230296

IRA interest.(p3)

Although interest earned from your IRA is generally not taxed in the year earned, it is not tax-exempt interest. Do not report this interest on your return as tax-exempt interest.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230297

Hurricane and disaster-related tax relief.(p3)

Special rules apply to the use of retirement funds (including IRAs) by qualified individuals who suffered an economic loss as a result of: For more information on these special rules see Hurricane-Related Relief, Tax Relief for the Kansas Disaster Area, and Tax Relief for the Midwestern Disaster Areas in chapter 4.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230301

Photographs of missing children.(p3)

The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child.

taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#TXMP36105478Introduction

This publication discusses individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). An IRA is a personal savings plan that gives you tax advantages for setting aside money for retirement.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230302

What are some tax advantages of an IRA?(p3)


rule
spacer

Two tax advantages of an IRA are that:
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230303

What's in this publication?(p3)


rule
spacer

This publication discusses traditional, Roth, and SIMPLE IRAs. It explains the rules for:
It also explains the penalties and additional taxes that apply when the rules are not followed. To assist you in complying with the tax rules for IRAs, this publication contains worksheets, sample forms, and tables, which can be found throughout the publication and in the appendices at the back of the publication.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230304

How to use this publication.(p4)


rule
spacer

The rules that you must follow depend on which type of IRA you have. Use Table I-1 to help you determine which parts of this publication to read. Also use Table I-1 if you were referred to this publication from instructions to a form.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230305

Comments and suggestions.(p4)


rule
spacer

We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions.
You can write to us at the following address:

 
Internal Revenue Service 
Individual Forms and Publications Branch 
SE:W:CAR:MP:T:I 
1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526 
Washington, DC 20224


We respond to many letters by telephone. Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence.
You can email us at *taxforms@irs.gov. (The asterisk must be included in the address.) Please put "Publications Comment" on the subject line. Although we cannot respond individually to each email, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230306

Ordering forms and publications.(p4)
spacer

Visit www.irs.gov/formspubs to download forms and publications, call 1-800-829-3676, or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received.

 
Internal Revenue Service 
1201 N. Mitsubishi Motorway 
Bloomington, IL 61705-6613


taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230307

Tax questions.(p4)
spacer

If you have a tax question, check the information available on www.irs.gov or call 1-800-829-1040. We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses.

Table I-1. Using This Publication

IF you need
information on ...
THEN see ...
traditional IRAschapter 1.
Roth IRAschapter 2, and  parts of
chapter 1.
SIMPLE IRAschapter 3.
disaster-related relief (including hurricane, Midwestern, and Kansas)chapter 4.
the credit for qualified retirement savings contributions (the saver's credit)chapter 5.
how to keep a record of your contributions to, and distributions from, your traditional IRA(s)appendix A.
SEP IRAs and 401(k) plans Publication 560.
Coverdell education savings accounts (formerly called education IRAs) Publication 970.
  
IF for 2009, you
  • received social security benefits,
  • had taxable compensation,
  • contributed to a traditional IRA, and
  • you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan,
and you want to...
THEN see ...
first figure your modified adjusted gross income (AGI)appendix B  worksheet 1.
then figure how much of your traditional IRA contribution you can deductappendix B  worksheet 2.
and finally figure how much of your social security is taxableappendix B.  worksheet 3.

taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#TXMP4c4ebc3c

Useful items

You may want to see:


Publications
 560 Retirement Plans for Small Business (SEP, SIMPLE, and Qualified Plans)
 571 Tax-Sheltered Annuity Plans (403(b) Plans)
 575 Pension and Annuity Income
 939 General Rule for Pensions and Annuities
 4492 Information for Taxpayers Affected by Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma
 4492-A Information for Taxpayers Affected by the May 4, 2007, Kansas Storms and Tornadoes
 4492-B Information for Affected Taxpayers in the Midwestern Disaster Areas
Forms (and instructions)
 W-4P: Withholding Certificate for Pension or Annuity Payments
 1099-R: Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc.
 5304-SIMPLE: Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees of Small Employers (SIMPLE)–Not for Use With a Designated Financial Institution
 5305-S: SIMPLE Individual Retirement Trust Account
 5305-SA: SIMPLE Individual Retirement Custodial Account
 5305-SIMPLE: Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees of Small Employers (SIMPLE)–for Use With a Designated Financial Institution
 5329: Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans (Including IRAs) and Other Tax-Favored Accounts
 5498: IRA Contribution Information
 8606: Nondeductible IRAs
 8815: Exclusion of Interest From Series EE and I U.S. Savings Bonds Issued After 1989
 8839: Qualified Adoption Expenses
 8880: Credit for Qualified Retirement Savings Contributions
 8915: Qualified Hurricane Retirement Plan Distributions and Repayments
 8930: Qualified Disaster Recovery Assistance Retirement Plan Distributions and Repayments
See chapter 6 for information about getting these publications and forms.
taxmap/pubs/p590-000.htm#en_us_publink1000230320

Table I-2. How Are a Traditional IRA and a Roth IRA Different?
This table shows the differences between traditional and Roth IRAs. Answers in the middle column apply to traditional IRAs. Answers in the right column apply to Roth IRAs.

Question Answer
  Traditional IRA? Roth IRA?
Is there an age limit on when I can set up and contribute to aYes. You must not have reached age 701/2 by the end of the year. See Who Can Set Up a Traditional IRA? in chapter 1.No. You can be any age. See Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? in chapter 2.
If I earned more than $5,000 in 2009 ($6,000 if I was 50 or older by the end of 2009), is there a limit on how much I can contribute to aYes. For 2009, you can contribute to a traditional IRA up to:
  • $5,000, or
  • $6,000 if you were age 50 or older by the end of 2009.

There is no upper limit on how much you can earn and still contribute. See How Much Can Be Contributed? in chapter 1.
Yes. For 2009, you may be able to contribute to a Roth IRA up to:
  • $5,000, or
  • $6,000 if you were age 50 or older by the end of 2009,

but the amount you can contribute may be less than that depending on your income, filing status, and if you contribute to another IRA. See How Much Can Be Contributed? and Table 2-1 in chapter 2.
Can I deduct contributions to aYes. You may be able to deduct your contributions to a traditional IRA depending on your income, filing status, whether you are covered by a retirement plan at work, and whether you receive social security benefits. See How Much Can You Deduct? in chapter 1.No. You can never deduct contributions to a Roth IRA. See What Is a Roth IRA? in chapter 2.
Do I have to file a form just because I contribute to aNot unless you make nondeductible contributions to your traditional IRA. In that case, you must file Form 8606. See Nondeductible Contributions in chapter 1.No. You do not have to file a form if you contribute to a Roth IRA. See Contributions not reported in chapter 2.
Do I have to start taking distributions when I reach a certain age from aYes. You must begin receiving required minimum distributions by April 1 of the year following the year you reach age 701/2. See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) in chapter 1. However, see Waiver of required minimum distribution rules for 2009 , in chapter 1 for information on the waiver of these rules for 2009.No. If you are the original owner of a Roth IRA, you do not have to take distributions regardless of your age. See Are Distributions Taxable? in chapter 2. However, if you are the beneficiary of a Roth IRA, you may have to take distributions. For 2009, you do not have to take a required minimum distribution. See Distributions After Owner's Death in chapter 2.
How are distributions taxed from aDistributions from a traditional IRA are taxed as ordinary income, but if you made nondeductible contributions, not all of the distribution is taxable. See Are Distributions Taxable? in chapter 1.Distributions from a Roth IRA are not taxed as long as you meet certain criteria. See Are Distributions Taxable? in chapter 2.
Do I have to file a form just because I receive distributions from aNot unless you have ever made a nondeductible contribution to a traditional IRA. If you have, file Form 8606.Yes. File Form 8606 if you received distributions from a Roth IRA (other than a rollover, qualified charitable distribution, one-time distribution to fund an HSA, recharacterization, certain qualified distributions, or a return of certain contributions).
Note. You may be able to contribute up to $8,000 if you participated in a 401(k) plan and the employer who maintained the plan went into bankruptcy in an earlier year. For more information, see Catch-up contributions in certain employer bankruptcies in chapter 1 for traditional IRAs and in chapter 2 for Roth IRAs.