The exclusions for interest, annuities, royalties, and rents, explained earlier in this chapter under Income, may not apply to a payment of these items received by a controlling organization from its controlled organization. The payment is included in the controlling organization's unrelated business taxable income to the extent it reduced the net unrelated income (or increased the net unrelated loss) of the controlled organization. All deductions of the controlling organization directly connected with the amount included in its unrelated business taxable income are allowed. taxmap/pubs/p598-013.htm#en_us_publink100096348
Excess qualifying specified payments received or accrued from a controlled entity are included in a controlling exempt organization's unrelated business taxable income only on the amount that exceeds that which would have been paid or accrued if the payments had been determined under section 482. Qualifying specified payments means any payments of interest, annuities, royalties, or rents received or accrued from the controlled organization pursuant to a binding written contract in effect on August 17, 2007, or to a contract which is a renewal, under substantially similar terms of a binding written contract in effect on August 17, 2006, and the payments are received or accrued before January 1, 2010. taxmap/pubs/p598-013.htm#en_us_publink100096349
Under section 512(b)(13)(E)(ii), the tax imposed on a controlling organization will be increased by 20 percent of the excess qualifying specified payments that are determined with or without any amendments or supplements, whichever is larger. See section 512(b)(13)(E)(ii) for more information.taxmap/pubs/p598-013.htm#en_us_publink100095635
- For an exempt organization, its unrelated business taxable income, or
- For a nonexempt organization, the part of its taxable income that would be unrelated business taxable income if it were exempt and had the same exempt purposes as the controlling organization.
- For an exempt organization, its NOL, or
- For a nonexempt organization, the part of its NOL that would be its NOL if it were exempt and had the same exempt purposes as the controlling organization.
An organization is controlled if:
- For a corporation, the controlling organization owns (by vote or value) more than 50% of the stock,
- For a partnership, the controlling organization owns more than 50% of the profits or capital interests, or
- For any other organization, the controlling organization owns more than 50% of the beneficial interest.
For this purpose, constructive ownership of stock (determined under section 318) or other interests is taken into account.
As a result, an exempt parent organization is treated as controlling any subsidiary in which it holds more than 50% of the voting power or value, whether directly (as in the case of a first-tier subsidiary) or indirectly (as in the case of a second-tier subsidiary).