If you are granted relief, refunds are:
- Permitted under innocent spouse relief as explained later under Limit on Amount of Refund.
- Not permitted under separation of liability relief.
- Permitted in limited circumstances under equitable relief, as explained under Refunds Under Equitable Relief.
The IRS will only refund payments you made with your own money. However, you must provide proof that you made the payments with your own money. Examples of proof are a copy of your bank statement or a canceled check. No proof is required if your individual refund was used by the IRS to pay a tax you owed on a joint tax return for another year.taxmap/pubs/p971-005.htm#TXMP5c4fe052
In the following situations, you are eligible to receive a refund of certain payments you made.taxmap/pubs/p971-005.htm#TXMP307efada
If you are granted relief for an underpaid tax, you are eligible for a refund of separate payments that you made after July 22, 1998. However, you are not eligible for refunds of payments made with the joint return, joint payments, or payments that your spouse (or former spouse) made. For example, withholding tax and estimated tax payments cannot be refunded because they are considered made with the joint return.
The amount of the refund is subject to the limit discussed later under Limit on Amount of Refund.taxmap/pubs/p971-005.htm#TXMP6f1d729c
If you are granted relief for an understated tax, you are eligible for a refund of certain payments made under an installment agreement that you entered into with the IRS, if you have not defaulted on the installment agreement. You are not in default if the IRS did not issue you a notice of default or take any action to end the installment agreement. Only installment payments made after the date you filed Form 8857 are eligible for a refund.
The amount of the refund is subject to the limit discussed next.taxmap/pubs/p971-005.htm#TXMP79ecd58a
The amount of your refund is limited. Read the following chart to find out the limit.
|If you file Form 8857...||THEN the refund cannot be more than...|
|Within 3 years after filing your return||The part of the tax paid within 3 years (plus any extension of time for filing your return) before you file Form 8857.|
|After the 3-year period, but within 2 years from the time you paid the tax||The tax you paid within 2 years immediately before you filed Form 8857.|