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IRS.gov Website
Instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040)
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP69a78c41

Taxes You Paid(p2)

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taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP4e177042

Taxes You Cannot Deduct(p2)

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taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP2f7f466c

Line 5(p3)

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caution
You can elect to deduct state and local general sales taxes instead of state and local income taxes. You cannot deduct both.
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State and Local Income Taxes(p3)

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If you deduct state and local income taxes, check box a on line 5. Include on this line the state and local income taxes listed below.
Do not reduce your deduction by any:
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP5fbc00a6

State and Local General Sales Taxes(p3)

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If you elect to deduct state and local general sales taxes, you must check box b on line 5. To figure your deduction, you can use either your actual expenses or the optional sales tax tables.
caution
You cannot deduct new motor vehicle taxes on line 7 of Schedule A if you make this election.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP2d7c3ce0

Actual Expenses(p3)

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Generally, you can deduct the actual state and local general sales taxes (including compensating use taxes) you paid in 2010 if the tax rate was the same as the general sales tax rate. However, sales taxes on food, clothing, medical supplies, and motor vehicles are deductible as a general sales tax even if the tax rate was less than the general sales tax rate. If you paid sales tax on a motor vehicle at a rate higher than the general sales tax rate, you can deduct only the amount of tax that you would have paid at the general sales tax rate on that vehicle. Motor vehicles include cars, motorcycles, motor homes, recreational vehicles, sport utility vehicles, trucks, vans, and off-road vehicles. Also include any state and local general sales taxes paid for a leased motor vehicle. Do not include sales taxes paid on items used in your trade or business.
caution
You must keep your actual receipts showing general sales taxes paid to use this method.
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Refund of general sales taxes.(p3)
rule
If you received a refund of state or local general sales taxes in 2010 for amounts paid in 2010, reduce your actual 2010 state and local general sales taxes by this amount. If you received a refund of state or local general sales taxes in 2010 for prior year purchases, do not reduce your 2010 state and local general sales taxes by this amount. But if you deducted your actual state and local general sales taxes in the earlier year and the deduction reduced your tax, you may have to include the refund in income on Form 1040, line 21. See Recoveries in Pub. 525 for details.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP26469a8b

Optional Sales Tax Tables(p3)

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Instead of using your actual expenses, you can use the tables on pages A-12 through A-14 to figure your state and local general sales tax deduction. You may also be able to add the state and local general sales taxes paid on certain specified items.
To figure your state and local general sales tax deduction using the tables, complete the worksheet on page A-4 or use the 2010 Sales Tax Deduction Calculator on the IRS website. To use the 2010 Sales Tax Deduction Calculator, go to IRS.gov and enter sales tax deduction calculator in the search box.
caution
If your filing status is married filing separately, both you and your spouse elect to deduct sales taxes, and your spouse elects to use the optional sales tax tables, you also must use the tables to figure your state and local general sales tax deduction.
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State and Local General Sales Tax Deduction Worksheet—Line 5b 
(See the Instructions for Line 5b Worksheet that begin on page A-3.)

(p3)
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Instead of using this worksheet, you can find your deduction by using the 2010 Sales Tax Deduction Calculator at IRS.gov.
See the instructions for line 1 on page A-3 if you:
  • Lived in more than one state during 2010, or
  • Had any nontaxable income in 2010.
 
1. Enter your state general sales taxes from the applicable table on page A-12 or A-13 (see page A-3) 1.$ 
 Next. If, for all of 2010, you lived only in Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, Rhode Island, or West Virginia, skip lines 2 through 5, enter -0- on line 6, and go to line 7. Otherwise, go to line 2.    
2. Did you live in Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California (Los Angeles County only), Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Missouri, New York State, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, or Virginia in 2010?    
  box No. Enter -0- Right brace 2.$ 
  box Yes. Enter your base local general sales taxes from the applicable table on page A-14 (see page A-3)    
3. Did your locality impose a local general sales tax in 2010? Residents of California and Nevada see the instructions for Line 3 on page A-5.  
  box No. Skip lines 3 through 5, enter -0- on line 6, and go to line 7.      
  box Yes. Enter your local general sales tax rate, but omit the percentage sign. For example, if your local general sales tax rate was 2.5%, enter 2.5. If your local general sales tax rate changed or you lived in more than one locality in the same state during 2010, see page A-5 3.  .   
4. Did you enter -0- on line 2 above?     
  box No. Skip lines 4 and 5 and go to line 6.      
  box Yes. Enter your state general sales tax rate (shown in the table heading for your state), but omit the percentage sign. For example, if your state general sales tax rate is 6%, enter 6.0 4.  .   
5. Divide line 3 by line 4. Enter the result as a decimal (rounded to at least three places)5.  .   
6. Did you enter -0- on line 2 above?     
  box No. Multiply line 2 by line 3 Right brace6.$ 
  box Yes. Multiply line 1 by line 5. If you lived in more than one locality in the same state during 2010, see the instructions on page A-5  
7. Enter your state and local general sales taxes paid on specified items, if any (see page A-5)7.$ 
8. Deduction for general sales taxes. Add lines 1, 6, and 7. Enter the result here and the total from all your state and local general sales tax deduction worksheets, if you completed more than one, on Schedule A, line 5. Be sure to check box b on that line 8.$ 
 
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Instructions for Line 5b Worksheet(p3)

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Line 1.(p3)
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If you lived in the same state for all of 2010, enter the applicable amount, based on your 2010 income and exemptions, from the optional state sales tax table for your state on page A-12 or A-13. Read down the At least–But less than columns for your state and find the line that includes your 2010 income. If married filing separately, do not include your spouse's income. Your 2010 income is the amount shown on your Form 1040, line 38, plus any nontaxable items, such as the following. The exemptions column refers to the number of exemptions claimed on Form 1040, line 6d.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP78616225
What if you lived in more than one state?(p3)
If you lived in more than one state during 2010, look up the table amount for each state using the above rules. If there is no table for your state, the table amount is considered to be zero. Multiply the table amount for each state you lived in by a fraction. The numerator of the fraction is the number of days you lived in the state during 2010 and the denominator is the total number of days in the year (365). Enter the total of the prorated table amounts for each state on line 1. However, if you also lived in a locality during 2010 that imposed a local general sales tax, do not enter the total on line 1. Instead, complete a separate worksheet for each state you lived in and enter the prorated amount for that state on line 1.

Example.(p3)

You lived in State A from January 1 through August 31, 2010 (243 days), and in State B from September 1 through December 31, 2010 (122 days). The table amount for State A is $500. The table amount for State B is $400. You would figure your state general sales tax as follows.
State A:$500 x 243/365 =$333 
State B:$400 x 122/365 = 134 
Total=$467 
If none of the localities in which you lived during 2010 imposed a local general sales tax, enter $467 on line 1 of your worksheet. Otherwise, complete a separate worksheet for State A and State B. Enter $333 on line 1 of the State A worksheet and $134 on line 1 of the State B worksheet.
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Line 2.(p3)
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If you checked the No box, enter -0- on line 2, and go to line 3. If you checked the Yes box and lived in the same locality for all of 2010, enter the applicable amount, based on your 2010 income and exemptions, from the optional local sales tax table for your locality on page A-14. Read down the At least–But less than columns for your locality and find the line that includes your 2010 income. See the line 1 instructions on this page to figure your 2010 income. The exemptions column refers to the number of exemptions claimed on Form 1040, line 6d.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP440e0125
What if you lived in more than one locality?(p3)
If you lived in more than one locality during 2010, look up the table amount for each locality using the above rules. If there is no table for your locality, the table amount is considered to be zero. Multiply the table amount for each locality you lived in by a fraction. The numerator of the fraction is the number of days you lived in the locality during 2010 and the denominator is the total number of days in the year (365). If you lived in more than one locality in the same state and the local general sales tax rate was the same for each locality, enter the total of the prorated table amounts for each locality in that state on line 2. Otherwise, complete a separate worksheet for lines 2 through 6 for each locality and enter each prorated table amount on line 2 of the applicable worksheet.

Example.(p4)

You lived in Locality 1 from January 1 through August 31, 2010 (243 days), and in Locality 2 from September 1 through December 31, 2010 (122 days). The table amount for Locality 1 is $100. The table amount for Locality 2 is $150. You would figure the amount to enter on line 2 as follows. Note that this amount may not equal your local sales tax deduc tion, which is figured on line 6 of the worksheet.
Locality 1:$100 x 243/365 =$ 67 
Locality 2:$150 x 122/365 =  50 
Total=$117 
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Line 3.(p5)
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If you lived in California, check the No box if your combined state and local general sales tax rate is 8.2500%. Otherwise, check the Yes box and include on line 3 only the part of the combined rate that is more than 8.2500%.
If you lived in Nevada, check the No box if your combined state and local general sales tax rate is 6.8500%. Otherwise, check the Yes box and include on line 3 only the part of the combined rate that is more than 6.8500%.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP24557b27
What if your local general sales tax rate changed during 2010?(p5)
If you checked the Yes box and your local general sales tax rate changed during 2010, figure the rate to enter on line 3 as follows. Multiply each tax rate for the period it was in effect by a fraction. The numerator of the fraction is the number of days the rate was in effect during 2010 and the denominator is the total number of days in the year (365). Enter the total of the prorated tax rates on line 3.

Example.(p5)

Locality 1 imposed a 1% local general sales tax from January 1 through September 30, 2010 (273 days). The rate increased to 1.75% for the period from October 1 through December 31, 2010 (92 days). You would enter 1.189 on line 3, figured as follows.
January 1 – September 30:1.00 x 273/365 =0.748 
October 1 – December 31:1.75 x  92/365 =0.441 
Total=1.189 
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP60c29c05
What if you lived in more than one locality in the same state during 2010?(p5)
Complete a separate worksheet for lines 2 through 6 for each locality in your state if you lived in more than one locality in the same state during 2010 and either of the following applies.
To figure the amount to enter on line 3 of the worksheet for each locality in which you lived (except a locality for which you used the table on page A-14 to figure your local general sales tax deduction), multiply the local general sales tax rate by a fraction. The numerator of the fraction is the number of days you lived in the locality during 2010 and the denominator is the total number of days in the year (365).

Example.(p5)

You lived in Locality 1 from January 1 through August 31, 2010 (243 days), and in Locality 2 from September 1 through December 31, 2010 (122 days). The local general sales tax rate for Locality 1 is 1%. The rate for Locality 2 is 1.75%. You would enter 0.666 on line 3 for the Locality 1 worksheet and 0.585 for the Locality 2 worksheet, figured as follows.
Locality 1:1.00 x 243/365 =0.666 
Locality 2:1.75 x 122/365 =0.585 
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Line 6.(p5)
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If you lived in more than one locality in the same state during 2010, you should have completed line 1 only on the first worksheet for that state and separate worksheets for lines 2 through 6 for any other locality within that state in which you lived during 2010. If you checked the Yes box on line 6 of any of those worksheets, multiply line 5 of that worksheet by the amount that you entered on line 1 for that state on the first worksheet.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP7f115021
Line 7.(p5)
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Enter on line 7 any state and local general sales taxes paid on the following specified items. If you are completing more than one worksheet, include the total for line 7 on only one of the worksheets.
  1. A motor vehicle (including a car, motorcycle, motor home, recreational vehicle, sport utility vehicle, truck, van, and off-road vehicle). Also include any state and local general sales taxes paid for a leased motor vehicle. If the state sales tax rate on these items is higher than the general sales tax rate, only include the amount of tax you would have paid at the general sales tax rate.
  2. An aircraft or boat, if the tax rate was the same as the general sales tax rate.
  3. A home (including a mobile home or prefabricated home) or substantial addition to or major renovation of a home, but only if the tax rate was the same as the general sales tax rate and any of the following applies.
    1. Your state or locality imposes a general sales tax directly on the sale of a home or on the cost of a substantial addition or major renovation.
    2. You purchased the materials to build a home or substantial addition or to perform a major renovation and paid the sales tax directly.
    3. Under your state law, your contractor is considered your agent in the construction of the home or substantial addition or the performance of a major renovation. The contract must state that the contractor is authorized to act in your name and must follow your directions on construction decisions. In this case, you will be considered to have purchased any items subject to a sales tax and to have paid the sales tax directly.
Do not include sales taxes paid on items used in your trade or business. If you received a refund of state or local general sales taxes in 2010, see Refund of general sales taxes on page A-3.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP468f6e39

Line 6(p5)

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taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP0557069d

Real Estate Taxes(p5)

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Include taxes (state, local, or foreign) you paid on real estate you own that was not used for business, but only if the taxes are based on the assessed value of the property. Also, the assessment must be made uniformly on property throughout the community, and the proceeds must be used for general community or governmental purposes. Pub. 530 explains the deductions homeowners can take.
Do not include the following amounts on line 6.
If your mortgage payments include your real estate taxes, you can deduct only the amount the mortgage company actually paid to the taxing authority in 2010.
If you sold your home in 2010, any real estate tax charged to the buyer should be shown on your settlement statement and in box 5 of any Form 1099-S you received. This amount is considered a refund of real estate taxes. See Refunds and rebates below. Any real estate taxes you paid at closing should be shown on your settlement statement.
caution
You must look at your real estate tax bill to decide if any nondeductible itemized charges, such as those listed above, are included in the bill. If your taxing authority (or lender) does not furnish you a copy of your real estate tax bill, ask for it.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP6ce87dcf
Refunds and rebates.(p5)
rule
If you received a refund or rebate in 2010 of real estate taxes you paid in 2010, reduce your deduction by the amount of the refund or rebate. If you received a refund or rebate in 2010 of real estate taxes you paid in an earlier year, do not reduce your deduction by this amount. Instead, you must include the refund or rebate in income on Form 1040, line 21, if you deducted the real estate taxes in the earlier year and the deduction reduced your tax. See Recoveries in Pub. 525 for details on how to figure the amount to include in income.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP064fe5f7

Line 7(p6)

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taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP4b6bcea5

New Motor Vehicle Taxes(p6)

rule
caution
You cannot deduct new motor vehicle taxes on line 7 if:
  • The new motor vehicle was purchased after 2009, or
  • You elected to deduct state and local general sales taxes on line 5b, or
  • The amount on Form 1040, line 38, is equal to or greater than $135,000 ($260,000 if married filing jointly).
You may be able to deduct state and local sales and excise taxes (or certain other taxes or fees in a state without a sales tax) paid in 2010 for the purchase of any new motor vehicle(s) after February 16, 2009, and before January 1, 2010. To figure the amount you can deduct, you will need to complete the Worksheet for Line 7 on the back of Schedule A.
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Instructions for Worksheet for Line 7(p6)

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taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP7829e57f
Line 1.(p6)
rule
Enter the state and local sales and excise taxes you paid in 2010 from your sales invoice(s) relating to any new motor vehicle(s) (defined below) purchased after February 16, 2009, and before January 1, 2010.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP3a5b94af
States with no sales tax.(p6)
The states of Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Montana, New Hampshire, and Oregon do not have a sales tax. However, you may be charged other taxes or fees on the purchase of a new motor vehicle in one of these six states that is similar to a sales tax. The taxes or fees that qualify must be assessed on the purchase of the vehicle and must be based on the vehicle's sales price or as a per unit fee. You can include these taxes or fees on line 1 of the Worksheet for Line 7.
One example of a fee you can include on line 1 of the worksheet is the 3.75% document fee when registering a title with the Delaware Division of Motor Vehicles. The fee is 3.75% of the purchase price.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP27f52c0d
New motor vehicle.(p6)
A new motor vehicle is any of the following. The original use of the vehicle must begin with you.
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Motorcycle.(p6)
A vehicle with motive power having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP1c7150c9
Motor home.(p6)
A multi-purpose vehicle with motive power that is designed to provide temporary residential accommodations, as evidenced by the presence of at least four of the following facilities.
taxmap/instr/i1040sca-002.htm#TXMP29c166f9
Line 2.(p6)
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Enter on line 2 the cost of the new motor vehicle(s). Do not include on line 2 any state or local sales or excise taxes you entered on line 1.
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Line 3.(p6)
rule
If you check the Yes box, the amount you can include for state or local sales and excise taxes is limited to the taxes imposed on the first $49,500 of the purchase price of each new motor vehicle. To figure the amount to enter on line 3, you will need to know the rate(s) of tax that apply in the state and locality where you purchased each new motor vehicle. If the state and locality where you purchased a new motor vehicle imposes a fixed rate, multiply the combined state and local rate by the smaller of $49,500 or the purchase price (before taxes) of the new motor vehicle. See the Example below.
Some taxing jurisdictions may provide for a sales tax that is limited to a certain dollar amount per purchase. One example is Manatee County, Florida. Manatee County charges an additional 1/2% (.005) discretionary sales tax that is collected on the first $5,000 of a purchase, not to exceed $25.

Example.(p6)

You purchased a new motor vehicle on December 3, 2009, for $56,500 before taxes. You paid the sales tax on February 3, 2010. The state where you purchased the vehicle imposes a fixed sales tax rate of 5% and the locality also charges a fixed rate of 1%, for a combined fixed sales tax rate of 6%. The amount of sales tax you can include on line 3 is $2,970 ($49,500 × 6% (.06)).
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Refunds and recoveries.(p6)
rule
If you received a refund in 2010 of new motor vehicle taxes you paid in 2009, you generally must include the refund in income on Form 1040, line 21, if you deducted the new motor vehicle taxes in 2009 and the deduction reduced your tax.
If you recover any portion of your new motor vehicle tax deduction in future tax years, you generally have to include that amount in your income at that time.
See Recoveries in Pub. 525 for details.
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Line 8(p6)

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Other Taxes(p6)

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If you had any deductible tax not listed on line 5, 6, or 7, list the type and amount of tax. Enter only one total on line 8. Include on this line:
taxtip
You may want to take a credit for the foreign tax instead of a deduction. See the instructions for Form 1040, line 47, for details.