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IRS.gov Website
Publication 225
taxmap/pubs/p225-068.htm#en_us_publink1000218885

Including the Credit 
or Refund in Income(p83)

rule
Include any credit or refund of excise taxes on fuels in your gross income if you claimed the total cost of the fuel (including the excise taxes) as an expense deduction that reduced your income tax liability.
Which year you include a credit or refund in gross income depends on whether you use the cash or an accrual method of accounting.
taxmap/pubs/p225-068.htm#en_us_publink1000218886

Cash method.(p83)

rule
If you use the cash method and file a claim for refund, include the refund amount in gross income for the tax year in which you receive the refund. If you claim a credit on your income tax return, include the credit amount in gross income for the tax year in which you file Form 4136. If you file an amended return and claim a credit, include the credit amount in gross income for the tax year in which you receive the credit.
taxmap/pubs/p225-068.htm#en_us_publink1000218887

Example.(p83)

Sharon Brown, a cash basis farmer, filed her 2010 Form 1040 on March 3, 2011. On her Schedule F, she deducted the total cost of gasoline (including $110 of excise taxes) used on the farm for farming purposes. Then, on Form 4136, she claimed the $110 as a credit. Sharon reports the $110 as other income on 
line 10 of her 2011 Schedule F.
taxmap/pubs/p225-068.htm#en_us_publink1000218888

Accrual method.(p83)

rule
If you use an accrual method, include the amount of credit or refund in gross income for the tax year in which you used the fuels. It does not matter whether you filed for a quarterly refund or claimed the entire amount as a credit.
taxmap/pubs/p225-068.htm#en_us_publink1000218889

Example.(p83)

Patty Green, an accrual basis farmer, files her 2010 Form 1040 on April 18, 2011. On Schedule F, she deducts the total cost of gasoline (including $155 of excise taxes) she used on the farm for farming purposes during 2010. On Form 4136, Patty claims the $155 as a credit. She reports the $155 as other income on line 10 of her 2010 Schedule F.