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IRS.gov Website
Publication 510
taxmap/pubs/p510-009.htm#en_us_publink1000116917

Other Fuels (Including Alternative Fuels)(p12)

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EIC
When this publication was prepared for printing, all or a portion of the taxes on other fuels listed below (except compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG)), were scheduled to expire on September 30, 2011. To find out if the taxes are extended, monitor the news media or go to www.irs.gov, click on Forms and Publications, and then click on Changes to Current Tax Products.
Other Fuels means any liquid except gas oil, fuel oil, or any product taxable under Internal Revenue Code section 4081. Other Fuels include alternative fuels. Alternative fuels are: Liquefied petroleum gas includes propane, butane, pentane, or mixtures of those products.
taxmap/pubs/p510-009.htm#en_us_publink1000116918

Qualified methanol and ethanol fuels.(p12)

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Qualified ethanol and methanol means any liquid at least 85 percent of which consists of alcohol produced from coal, including peat. The tax rates are listed in the Instructions for Form 720.
taxmap/pubs/p510-009.htm#en_us_publink1000116919

Partially exempt methanol and ethanol fuels.(p12)

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A reduced tax rate applies to these fuels. Partially exempt ethanol and methanol means any liquid at least 85 percent of which consists of alcohol produced from natural gas. The tax rates are listed in the Instructions for Form 720.
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Motor vehicles.(p12)

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Motor vehicles include all types of vehicles, whether or not registered (or required to be registered) for highway use, that have both the following characteristics. Motor vehicles do not include any vehicle that moves exclusively on rails, or any of the following items: farm tractors, trench diggers, power shovels, bulldozers, road graders, road rollers, and similar equipment that does not carry or tow a load.
taxmap/pubs/p510-009.htm#en_us_publink1000116921

Taxable Events(p12)

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Tax is imposed on the delivery of Other Fuels into the fuel supply tank of the propulsion engine of a motor vehicle or motorboat. However, there is no tax on the delivery if tax was imposed under the bulk sales rule, discussed next, or the delivery is for a nontaxable use. If the delivery is in connection with a sale, the seller is liable for the tax. If it is not in connection with a sale, the operator of the vehicle or boat is liable for the tax.
taxmap/pubs/p510-009.htm#en_us_publink1000116922

Bulk sales.(p12)

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Tax is imposed on the sale of Other Fuels that is not in connection with delivery into the fuel supply tank of the propulsion engine of a motor vehicle or motorboat if the buyer furnishes a written statement to the seller stating the entire quantity of the fuel covered by the sale is for other than a nontaxable use listed in chapter 2. The seller is liable for this tax.
taxmap/pubs/p510-009.htm#en_us_publink1000116923

Tax rate.(p12)

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See Form 720 and the Instructions for Form 720 for the tax rates.
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Nontaxable uses.(p12)

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The nontaxable uses of Other Fuels (including alternative fuels) are discussed in chapter 2.