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IRS.gov Website
Publication 970
taxmap/pubs/p970-023.htm#en_us_publink1000178301

Chapter 5
Student Loan Cancellations and Repayment Assistance(p35)

taxmap/pubs/p970-023.htm#TXMP1c48913eIntroduction

If you fulfill certain requirements, two types of student loan assistance may be tax free. The types of assistance discussed in this chapter are:
taxmap/pubs/p970-023.htm#en_us_publink1000178305

Student Loan Cancellation(p35)

rule
Generally, if you are responsible for making loan payments, and the loan is canceled (forgiven), you must include the amount that was forgiven in your gross income for tax purposes. However, if your student loan is canceled, you may not have to include any amount in income. This section describes the requirements for tax-free treatment of canceled student loans.
taxmap/pubs/p970-023.htm#en_us_publink1000178306

Qualifying Loans(p35)

rule
To qualify for tax-free treatment, your loan must contain a provision that all or part of the debt will be canceled if you work:
The loan must have been made by a qualified lender to assist the borrower in attending an eligible educational institution.
taxmap/pubs/p970-023.htm#en_us_publink1000178307

Qualified lenders.(p35)

rule
These include the following.
  1. The government—federal, state, or local, or an instrumentality, agency, or subdivision thereof.
  2. A tax-exempt public benefit corporation that has assumed control of a state, county, or municipal hospital and whose employees are considered public employees under state law.
  3. An eligible educational institution, if the loan is made:
    1. As part of an agreement with an entity described in (1) or (2) under which the funds to make the loan were provided to the educational institution, or
    2. Under a program of the educational institution that is designed to encourage its students to serve in occupations with unmet needs or in areas with unmet needs where the services required of the students are for or under the direction of a governmental unit or a tax-exempt section 501(c)(3) organization.
EIC
In satisfying the service requirement in item 3b, the student must not provide services for the lender organization. 
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Section 501(c)(3) organization.(p35)
This is any corporation, community chest, fund, or foundation organized and operated exclusively for one or more of the following purposes.
taxmap/pubs/p970-023.htm#en_us_publink1000178310

Eligible educational institution.(p35)

rule
This is an educational institution that maintains a regular faculty and curriculum and normally has a regularly enrolled body of students in attendance at the place where it carries on its educational activities.
taxmap/pubs/p970-023.htm#en_us_publink1000178311

Refinanced Loan(p35)

rule
If you refinanced a student loan with another loan from an eligible educational institution or a tax-exempt organization, that loan may also be considered as made by a qualified lender. It is considered made by a qualified lender if it meets the requirements of item 3b under Qualified lenders earlier on this page.