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Instructions for Form 1040-EZ

Disclosure, Privacy Act, and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice(p39)

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The IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998, the Privacy Act of 1974, and the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 require that when we ask you for information we must first tell you our legal right to ask for the information, why we are asking for it, and how it will be used. We must also tell you what could happen if we do not receive it and whether your response is voluntary, required to obtain a benefit, or mandatory under the law.
This notice applies to all papers you file with us, including this tax return. It also applies to any questions we need to ask you so we can complete, correct, or process your return; figure your tax; and collect tax, interest, or penalties.
Our legal right to ask for information is Internal Revenue Code sections 6001, 6011, and 6012(a), and their regulations. They say that you must file a return or statement with us for any tax you are liable for. Your response is mandatory under these sections. Code section 6109 requires you to provide your identifying number on the return. This is so we know who you are, and can process your return and other papers. You must fill in all parts of the tax form that apply to you. But you do not have to check the boxes for the Presidential Election Campaign Fund or for the third-party designee. You also do not have to provide your daytime phone number.
You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue law.
We ask for tax return information to carry out the tax laws of the United States. We need it to figure and collect the right amount of tax.
If you do not file a return, do not provide the information we ask for, or provide fraudulent information, you may be charged penalties and be subject to criminal prosecution. We may also have to disallow the exemptions, exclusions, credits, deductions, or adjustments shown on the tax return. This could make the tax higher or delay any refund. Interest may also be charged.
Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as stated in Code section 6103. However, Code section 6103 allows or requires the Internal Revenue Service to disclose or give the information shown on your tax return to others as described in the Code. For example, we may disclose your tax information to the Department of Justice to enforce the tax laws, both civil and criminal, and to cities, states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. commonwealths or possessions to carry out their tax laws. We may disclose your tax information to the Department of Treasury and contractors for tax administration purposes; and to other persons as necessary to obtain information needed to determine the amount of or to collect the tax you owe. We may disclose your tax information to the Comptroller General of the United States to permit the Comptroller General to review the Internal Revenue Service. We may disclose your tax information to committees of Congress; federal, state, and local child support agencies; and to other federal agencies for the purposes of determining entitlement for benefits or the eligibility for and the repayment of loans. We may also disclose this information to other countries under a tax treaty, to federal and state agencies to enforce federal nontax criminal laws, or to federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies to combat terrorism.
Please keep this notice with your records. It may help you if we ask you for other information. If you have questions about the rules for filing and giving information, please call or visit any Internal Revenue Service office.
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We welcome comments on forms.(p39)
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We try to create forms and instructions that can be easily understood. Often this is difficult to do because our tax laws are very complex. For some people with income mostly from wages, filling in the forms is easy. For others who have businesses, pensions, stocks, rental income, or other investments, it is more difficult.
If you have suggestions for making these forms simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. You can email us at taxforms@irs.gov. Please put Forms Comment on the subject line. You can also send us comments from www.irs.gov/formspubs/. Select Comment on Tax Forms and Publications under Information About. Or you can write to Internal Revenue Service, Individual and Specialty Forms and Publications Branch, SE:W:CAR:MP:T:I, 1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526, Washington, DC 20224. Do not send your return to this address. Instead, see the addresses at the end of these instructions.
Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax forms and instructions.
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Estimates of Taxpayer Burden(p39)

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The table below shows burden estimates based on current statutory requirements as of October 21, 2011, for taxpayers filing a 2011 Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ tax return. Time spent and out-of-pocket costs are presented separately. Time burden is broken out by taxpayer activity, with recordkeeping representing the largest component. Out-of-pocket costs include any expenses incurred by taxpayers to prepare and submit their tax returns. Examples include tax return preparation and submission fees, postage and photocopying costs, and tax preparation software costs. While these estimates do not include burden associated with post-filing activities, IRS operational data indicate that electronically prepared and filed returns have fewer arithmetic errors, implying lower post-filing burden.
Reported time and cost burdens are national averages and do not necessarily reflect a typical case. For instance, the estimated average time burden for all taxpayers filing a Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ is 18 hours, with an average cost of $230 per return. This average includes all associated forms and schedules, across all preparation methods and taxpayer activities. The average burden for taxpayers filing Form 1040 is about 22 hours and $290; for taxpayers filing Form 1040A, it is about 10 hours and $120; and for taxpayers filing Form 1040EZ, it is about 7 hours and $50.
Within each of these estimates there is significant variation in taxpayer activity. For example, nonbusiness taxpayers are expected to have an average burden of about 12 hours and $150, while business taxpayers are expected to have an average burden of about 32 hours and $410. Similarly, tax preparation fees and other out-of-pocket costs vary extensively depending on the tax situation of the taxpayer, the type of software or professional preparer used, and the geographic location.
If you have comments concerning the time and cost estimates below, you can contact us at either one of the addresses shown under We welcome comments on forms above.

Estimated Average Taxpayer Burden for Individuals by Activity

  Average Time Burden (Hours)
Primary Form Filed or
Type of Taxpayer
Percentage
of Returns
Total
Time*
Record
Keeping
Tax
Planning
Form
Completion
Form
Submission
All
Other
Average
Cost
(Dollars)**
All taxpayers1001882413$230
Primary forms filed        
 10406822103413290
 1040A191041312120
 1040EZ1372121150
Type of taxpayer        
 Nonbusiness***701252312150
 Business***3032164614410
*Detail may not add to total time due to rounding.
**Dollars rounded to the nearest $10.
***You are considered a "business" filer if you file one or more of the following with Form 1040: Schedule C, C-EZ, E, or F or Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. You are considered a "nonbusiness" filer if you did not file any of those schedules or forms with Form 1040 or if you file Form 1040A or 1040EZ.
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Major Categories of Federal Income and Outlays for Fiscal Year 2010(p40)

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Federal Budget Text DescriptionFederal Budget   
On or before the first Monday in February of each year the President is required by law to submit to the Congress a budget proposal for the fiscal year that begins the following October. The budget plan sets forth the President's proposed receipts, spending, and the surplus or deficit for the Federal government. The plan includes recommendations for new legislation as well as recommendations to change, eliminate, and add programs. After receipt of the President's proposal, the Congress reviews the proposal and makes changes. It first passes a budget resolution setting its own targets for receipts, outlays, and surplus or deficit. Next, individual spending and revenue bills that are consistent with the goals of the budget resolution are enacted.
In fiscal year 2010 (which began on October 1, 2009, and ended on September 30, 2010), Federal income was $2,163 billion and outlays were $3,456 billion, leaving a deficit of $1,293 billion.
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Footnotes for Certain Federal Outlays(p40)

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Note. The percentages shown here exclude undistributed offsetting receipts, which were $82 billion in fiscal year 2010. In the budget, these receipts are offset against spending in figuring the outlay totals shown above. These receipts are for the U.S. Government's share of its employee retirement programs, rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf, and proceeds from the sale of assets.
  1. Social security, Medicare, and other retirement: These programs provide income support for the retired and disabled and medical care for the elderly.
  2. National defense, veterans, and foreign affairs: About 20% of outlays were to equip, modernize, and pay our armed forces and to fund national defense activities; about 3% were for veterans benefits and services; and about 1% were for international activities, including military and economic assistance to foreign countries and the maintenance of U.S. embassies abroad.
  3. Physical, human, and community development: These outlays were for agriculture; natural resources; environment; transportation; aid for elementary and secondary education and direct assistance to college students; job training; deposit insurance, commerce and housing credit, and community development; and space, energy, and general science programs.
  4. Social programs: About 16% of total outlays were for Medicaid, food stamps, temporary assistance for needy families, supplemental security income, and related programs; and the remaining outlays were for health research and public health programs, unemployment compensation, assisted housing, and social services.
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Graphic for Electronic Filing (e-file) goes here Text DescriptionGraphic for Electronic Filing (e-file) goes here   
envelope Where Do
You File?
Mail your return to the address shown below that applies to you. If you want to use a private delivery service, see Private delivery services in Section 4, earlier. Envelopes without enough postage will be returned to you by the post office. Also, include your complete return address.
  THEN use this address if you:
IF you live in...Are not enclosing a check or
money order...
Are enclosing a check or
money order...
Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South CarolinaDepartment of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Kansas City, Mo 64999-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 105017
Atlanta, GA 30348-5017
Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, TexasDepartment of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Austin, TX 73301-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 1214
Charlotte, NC 28201-1214
Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, WashingtonDepartment of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Fresno, CA 93888-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 7704
San Francisco, CA 94120-7704
Arkansas, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, Wyoming Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Fresno, CA 93888-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 802501
Cincinnati, OH 45280-2501
Kentucky, Missouri, New Jersey, Tennessee, Virginia, West VirginiaDepartment of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Kansas City, MO 64999-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 970011
St. Louis, MO 63197-0011
Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Kansas City, MO 64999-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 37008
Hartford, CT 06176-0008
A foreign country, U.S. possession or territory*, or use an APO or FPO address, or file Form 2555, 2555-EZ, or 4563, or are a dual-status alien Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Austin, TX 73301-0215
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 1303
Charlotte, NC 28201-1303
*If you live in American Samoa, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Mariana Islands, see Pub 570.