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IRS.gov Website
Publication 570
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221243

Chapter 3
Filing Information for Individuals in Certain U.S. Possessions(p10)

If you have income from American Samoa, the CNMI, Guam, Puerto Rico, or the USVI, you may have to file a tax return with the tax department of that possession. Or, you may have to file two annual tax returns, one with the possession's tax department and the other with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. This chapter covers the general rules for filing returns in the five possessions.
You must first determine if you are a bona fide resident of the relevant possession. See chapter 1 for a discussion of the requirements you must meet.
You should ask for forms and advice about the filing of possession tax returns from that possession's tax department, not the Internal Revenue Service. Contact information is listed in this chapter under the heading for each possession.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221244

American Samoa(p10)

rule
American Samoa has its own separate and independent tax system. Although its tax laws are modeled on the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, there are certain differences.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221245

Where To Get Forms and Information(p10)

rule
Due date
Requests for advice about matters connected with Samoan taxation should be sent to:


Tax Office
Executive Office Building
First Floor
Pago Pago, AS 96799



Phone
The phone number is 684-633-4181. The fax number is 684-633-1513.
EIC
You can access the Samoan website at www.americansamoa.gov.
EIC
The addresses and phone numbers listed above are subject to change.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221250

Which Returns To File(p10)

rule
Your residency status and your source of income with regard to American Samoa determine whether you file your return and pay your tax to American Samoa, to the United States, or to both.
In addition to the information below that is categorized by residency status, the Special Rules for American Samoa section (later) contains important information for determining the correct forms to file.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221251

Bona Fide Resident of
American Samoa(p10)

rule
Bona fide residents of American Samoa are generally exempt from U.S. tax on their American Samoa source income.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221252

U.S. citizen or resident alien.(p10)

rule
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien and a bona fide resident of American Samoa during the entire tax year, you generally must file the following returns.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221253

Nonresident alien.(p10)

rule
If you are a bona fide resident of American Samoa during the entire tax year, but a nonresident alien of the United States, you generally must file the following returns.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221254

Form 4563.(p10)

rule
If you must file a U.S. income tax return and you qualify to exclude any of your income from American Samoa, claim the exclusion by completing Form 4563 and attaching it to your Form 1040. Form 4563 cannot be filed by itself. There is an example of a filled-in Form 4563 in chapter 5.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221255

Where to file.(p10)

rule
If you are a bona fide resident of American Samoa during the entire tax year and you are not enclosing a check or a money order, send your U.S. tax return and all attachments (including Form 4563) to:

Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Austin, TX 73301-0215
USA


If you are including a check or a money order, send your U.S. tax return and all attachments (including Form 4563) to:

Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 1303
Charlotte, NC 28201-1303
USA


Send your American Samoa tax return and all attachments to the address given under Where To Get Forms and Information, earlier.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000256412

Self-employment tax.(p11)

rule
If you are not required to file a U.S. tax return but have income that is effectively connected with a trade or business in American Samoa, you must file Form 1040-SS with the United States. On this form you will report your self-employment income to the United States and, if necessary, pay self-employment tax on that income.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000256413

Estimated tax payments.(p11)

rule
To see if you are required to make payments of estimated income tax and/or self-employment tax to the IRS, get Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals.
To pay by check or money order, send your payment with the Form 1040-ES payment voucher to:

Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 1300
Charlotte, NC 28201-1300
USA


To get information on paying electronically (by credit or debit card, or through the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS)), go to www.irs.gov/e-pay.
For information on making estimated income tax payments to American Samoa, see Where To Get Forms and Information, earlier.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221256

Not a Bona Fide Resident of American Samoa(p11)

rule
An individual who is not a bona fide resident of American Samoa for the tax year generally files both U.S. and American Samoa tax returns, and claims a foreign tax credit on the U.S. return for taxes paid to American Samoa.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221257

U.S. citizen or resident alien.(p11)

rule
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien but not a bona fide resident of American Samoa during the entire tax year, you generally must file the following returns.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000256414
De minimis exception to determining source of income.(p11)
In certain situations you will not have income from a possession. See De minimis exception under Compensation for Labor or Personal Services in chapter 2.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221258

Nonresident alien.(p11)

rule
If you are a nonresident alien of the United States who does not qualify as a bona fide resident of American Samoa for the entire tax year, you generally must file the following returns.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221259

Where to file.(p11)

rule
If you are not a bona fide resident of American Samoa during the entire tax year, send your U.S. tax return and all attachments to:

Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Austin, TX 73301-0215
USA


Send your American Samoa tax return and all attachments to the address given under Where To Get Forms and Information, earlier.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221260

Special Rules for American Samoa(p11)

rule
Some special rules apply to certain types of income and employment connected with American Samoa.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221261

U.S. Armed Forces.(p11)

rule
Bona fide residents of American Samoa include military personnel whose official home of record is American Samoa.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000256415
Civilian spouse of active duty member of the U.S. Armed Forces.(p11)
If, under the rule discussed at the beginning of chapter 1 (see Special rule for civilian spouse of active duty member of the U.S. Armed Forces), your tax residence is American Samoa, follow the guidance in the section for bona fide residents under Which Returns To File, earlier. However, if your tax residence is one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia and your only income from American Samoa is from wages, salaries, tips, or self-employment, you will be taxed on your worldwide income and file only a U.S. tax return (Form 1040) and a state and/or local tax return, if required. If you have income from American Samoa other than wages, salaries, tips, or self-employment that is considered to be sourced in that possession (see Table 2-1), contact the local tax administration for guidance.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221262

U.S. Government employees.(p11)

rule
If you are employed in American Samoa by the U.S. Government or any of its agencies, you are subject to tax by American Samoa on your pay from the government. Whether you are subject to tax by American Samoa on your non-American Samoa source income depends on your status in American Samoa as a bona fide resident.
Wages and salaries paid to employees of the U.S. Government and its agencies are also subject to U.S. federal income tax. These payments do not qualify for the exclusion of income from sources within American Samoa, discussed earlier.
For tax years ending after April 9, 2008, wages and salaries paid to bona fide residents by the Government of American Samoa can be excluded on the U.S. tax return.
If you report government wages on both your U.S. and American Samoa tax returns, you can take a credit on your U.S. tax return for income taxes paid or accrued to American Samoa. Figure the credit on Form 1116, and attach that form to your U.S. tax return, Form 1040. Show your wages paid for services performed in American Samoa on Form 1116, line 1a, enter "American Samoa" on line g, and check box b above Part I.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221263

Moving expense deduction.(p11)

rule
Generally, expenses of a move to American Samoa are directly attributable to American Samoa wages, salaries, and other earned income. Likewise, the expenses of a move back to the United States are generally attributable to U.S. earned income.
If your move was to American Samoa, report your deduction for moving expenses as follows.
If your move was to the United States, complete Form 3903, Moving Expenses, and enter the deductible amount on Form 1040, line 26.
taxmap/pubs/p570-008.htm#en_us_publink1000221265

Double Taxation(p11)

rule
A mutual agreement procedure exists to settle cases of double taxation between the United States and American Samoa. See Double Taxation in chapter 4.