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IRS.gov Website
Rev. date: 01/01/2011


Tips – Withholding and Reporting

Tax Topic 761
rule
Employees who receive tips of $20 or more in a calendar month while working for you, are required to report to you the total amount of tips they receive. The employees must give you written reports by the tenth of the following month. Employees who receive tips of less than $20 in a calendar month are not required to report their tips to you but must report these amounts in income and pay their taxes.
Employees must report to you cash tips received directly from customers, tips from other employees, and tips customers charge to their bills. Service charges added to a bill or any fixed amount set by the employer that the customer must pay, when paid to the tipped employee, will not constitute a tip but rather constitutes “wages”. In addition, the employer cannot use these “wages” when computing the credit available under section 45B of the Internal Revenue Code, because these amounts are not “tips”.
These service charges constitute wages for purposes of social security tax, Medicare tax, and income tax withholding.
Employees can use Form 4070A, Employee's Daily Record of Tips, to keep a daily record of their tips, and Form 4070, Employee's Report of Tips to Employer, to report their tips. Both forms are in Publication 1244, Employee's Daily Record of Tips and Report to Employer.
When you receive the tip report from your employee, use it to figure the amount of social security, Medicare, and income taxes to withhold for the pay period on both wages and reported tips. You are responsible for paying the employer's portion of the social security and Medicare taxes. You must collect the employee's portion of the social security and Medicare taxes and the income taxes. You can collect these taxes from the employee's wages or from other funds the employee gives you up to the close of the calendar year. If you don't have enough money from the employee's wages and other funds, apply the amounts available in the following order:
  1. Taxes on the employee's regular wages
  2. Federal, state and local income taxes on the employee's regular wages
  3. Social security and Medicare taxes or railroad retirement taxes on the employee's reported tips, and
  4. Federal, state and local income taxes on the employee's reported tips
You can withhold any remaining unpaid taxes from the employee's next paycheck. If you cannot collect all of the employee's social security and Medicare taxes on tips, show the uncollected amount in the appropriate box on the employee's Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement. Also, show the uncollected amount as an adjustment on your employment tax return (e.g., Form 941, Employer's Quarterly Federal Tax Return). You may want to inform your tipped employees that if all the income taxes on their wages and tips are not collected by the end of the year, employees may be subject to a penalty for under payment of estimated taxes.
When preparing an employee's Form W-2, include wages, tips and other compensation in the box labeled "Wages, tips, other compensation". Include Medicare wages and tips, and social security tips in their respective boxes. When figuring the employers liability for federal unemployment tax, add the reported tips to the employee's wages.
If you operate a large food or beverage establishment where tipping is customary, and food or beverage is provided for consumption on the premises, and you normally employ more than ten people who work more than 80 hours on a typical business day, you must file Form 8027, Employer's Annual Information Return of Tip Income and Allocated Tips, for each calendar year. If you have more than one food or beverage establishment, you must file a separate Form 8027 for each. Form 8027 is due on the last day of February of the next year (or March 31st if you are filing electronically). If you meet the criteria for filing Form 8027, but do not file, the law provides for penalties for each failure to timely file a correct information return, including failure to file electronically, if required. You may also be charged a penalty for failure to timely provide a correct Form W-2 to your employees should you have allocated tips to report on the affected employees' Forms W-2.
If the total tips reported by all employees are less than 8 percent of your gross receipts (unless a lower rate has been approved by the IRS), you must allocate the difference among the employees who received tips. The allocation may be based on each employee's share of gross receipts or share of total hours worked, or on a written agreement between you and your employees. Show the amount allocated in the box labeled, "Allocated Tips," of the employee's Form W-2. Do not withhold income, social security or Medicare taxes on allocated tips since these amounts have not been reported to you buy your employee.
If you are required to allocate tips, your employees must continue to report all tips to you, and you must use the amounts they report to figure payroll taxes.
Employers may participate in the Tip Rate Determination and Education Program. The program primarily consists of voluntary agreements developed to improve tip income reporting by helping taxpayers to understand and meet their tip reporting responsibilities. These voluntary compliance agreements offer many benefits for the employer and the employee. Two of the agreements are the Tip Rate Determination Agreement (TRDA) and the Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment (TRAC). A tip agreement, the Gaming Industry Tip Compliance Agreement (GITCA), is available for the Gaming (casino) industry. The IRS Attributed Tip Income Program (ATIP) expires on December 31, 2011, and enrollment in ATIP is no longer available. To get more information about GITCA, TRDA, or TRAC agreements, access the IRS website at www.irs.gov and search for Market Segment Understanding (MSU) agreements: search for keyword "MSU tips". For more information on employer responsibilities, refer to Publication 15, (Circular) E, Employer's Tax Guide. For more information on employee responsibilities, refer to Publication 531, Reporting Tip Income.