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Current Year Tax Map
Publication 514
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224432

Foreign Taxes
for Which You
Cannot Take a Credit(p7)

rule
This part discusses the foreign taxes for which you cannot take a credit. These are:
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224433

Taxes on Excluded Income(p7)

rule
You cannot take a credit for foreign taxes paid or accrued on certain income that is excluded from U.S. gross income.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224434

Foreign Earned Income
and Housing Exclusions(p7)

rule
You must reduce your foreign taxes available for the credit by the amount of those taxes paid or accrued on income that is excluded from U.S. income under the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion. See Publication 54 for more information on the foreign earned income and housing exclusions.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224435

Wages completely excluded.(p7)

rule
If your wages are completely excluded, you cannot take a credit for any of the foreign taxes paid or accrued on these wages.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224436

Wages partly excluded.(p8)

rule
If only part of your wages is excluded, you cannot take a credit for the foreign income taxes allocable to the excluded part. You find the amount allocable to your excluded wages by multiplying the foreign tax paid or accrued on foreign earned income received or accrued during the tax year by a fraction.
The numerator of the fraction is your foreign earned income and housing amounts excluded under the foreign earned income and housing exclusions for the tax year minus otherwise deductible expenses definitely related and properly apportioned to that income. Deductible expenses do not include the foreign housing deduction.
The denominator is your total foreign earned income received or accrued during the tax year minus all deductible expenses allocable to that income (including the foreign housing deduction). If the foreign law taxes foreign earned income and some other income (for example, earned income from U.S. sources or a type of income not subject to U.S. tax), and the taxes on the other income cannot be segregated, the denominator of the fraction is the total amount of income subject to the foreign tax minus deductible expenses allocable to that income.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224437

Example.(p8)

You are a U.S. citizen and a cash basis taxpayer, employed by Company X and living in Country A. Your records show the following:
Foreign earned income received$125,000
Unreimbursed business travel expenses 20,000
Income tax paid to Country A 30,000
Exclusion of foreign earned
income and housing allowance
95,100
  
Because you can exclude part of your wages, you cannot claim a credit for part of the foreign taxes. To find that part, do the following.
First, find the amount of business expenses allocable to excluded wages and therefore not deductible. To do this, multiply the otherwise deductible expenses by a fraction. That fraction is the excluded wages over your foreign earned income.
 $20,000×  $95,100 
$125,000
=$15,216
      
Next, find the numerator of the fraction by which you will multiply the foreign taxes paid. To do this, subtract business expenses allocable to excluded wages ($15,216) from excluded wages ($95,100). The result is $79,884.
Then, find the denominator of the fraction by subtracting all your deductible expenses from all your foreign earned income ($125,000 − $20,000 = $105,000).
Finally, multiply the foreign tax you paid by the resulting fraction.
 $30,000×  $79,884  
$105,000
=$22,824
The amount of Country A tax you cannot take a credit for is $22,824.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224441

Taxes on Income From
Puerto Rico Exempt From U.S. Tax(p8)

rule
If you have income from Puerto Rican sources that is not taxable, you must reduce your foreign taxes paid or accrued by the taxes allocable to the exempt income. For information on figuring the reduction, see Publication 570.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224442

Possession Exclusion(p8)

rule
If you are a bona fide resident of American Samoa and exclude income from sources in American Samoa, you cannot take a credit for the taxes you pay or accrue on the excluded income. For more information on this exclusion, see Publication 570.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000242783

Extraterritorial Income Exclusion(p8)

rule
You cannot take a credit for taxes you pay on qualifying foreign trade income excluded on Form 8873, Extraterritorial Income Exclusion. However, see Internal Revenue Code section 943(d) for an exception for certain withholding taxes.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224443

Taxes for Which You
Can Only Take
an Itemized Deduction(p8)

rule
You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for foreign income taxes paid or accrued under the following circumstances. However, you can claim an itemized deduction for these taxes. See Choosing To Take Credit or Deduction, earlier.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224444

Taxes Imposed By Sanctioned Countries (Section 901(j) Income)(p8)

rule
You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for income taxes paid or accrued to any country if the income giving rise to the tax is for a period (the sanction period) during which:The following countries meet this description for 2012. Income taxes paid or accrued to these countries in 2012 do not qualify for the credit.
Income that is paid through one or more entities is treated as coming from a foreign country listed above if the original source of the income is from one of the listed countries.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224445

Waiver of denial of the credit.(p8)

rule
A waiver can be granted to a sanctioned country if the President of the United States determines that granting the waiver is in the national interest of the United States and will expand trade and investment opportunities for U.S. companies in the sanctioned country. The President must report to Congress his intentions to grant the waiver and his reasons for granting the waiver not less than 30 days before the date on which the waiver is granted.
Note.Effective December 10, 2004, the president granted a waiver to Libya. Income taxes arising on or after this date qualify for the credit if they meet the other requirements in this publication.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224446

Limit on credit.(p8)

rule
In figuring the foreign tax credit limit, discussed later, income from a sanctioned country is a separate category of foreign income unless a Presidential waiver is granted. You must fill out a separate Form 1116 for this income. This will prevent you from claiming a credit for foreign taxes paid or accrued to the sanctioned country.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224447

Example.(p8)

You lived and worked in Syria until August, when you were transferred to Italy. You paid taxes to each country on the income earned in that country. You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for the foreign taxes paid on the income earned in Syria. Because the income earned in Syria is a separate category of foreign income, you must fill out a separate Form 1116 for that income. You cannot take a credit for taxes paid on the income earned in Syria, but that income is taxable by the United States.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224448

Figuring the credit when a sanction ends.(p8)

rule
Table 1 lists the countries for which sanctions have ended or for which a Presidential waiver has been granted. For any of these countries, you can claim a foreign tax credit for the taxes paid or accrued to that country on the income for the period that begins after the end of the sanction period or the date the Presidential waiver was granted.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224449

Example.(p8)

The sanctions against Country X ended on July 31. On August 19, you receive a distribution from a mutual fund of Country X income. The fund paid Country X income tax for you on the distribution. Because the distribution was made after the sanction ended, you may include the foreign tax paid on the distribution to compute your foreign tax credit.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224450
Amounts for the nonsanctioned period.(p8)
If a sanction period ends (or a Presidential waiver is granted) during your tax year and you are not able to determine the actual income and taxes for that period, you can allocate amounts to that period based on the number of days in the period that fall in your tax year. Multiply the income or taxes for the year by the following fraction to determine the amounts allocable to that period.
Number of nonsanctioned days in year
Number of days in year
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224452

Example.(p9)

You are a calendar year filer and received $20,000 of income from Country X in 2012 on which you paid tax of $4,500. Sanctions against Country X ended on July 11, 2012. You are unable to determine how much of the income or tax is for the nonsanctioned period. Because your tax year starts on January 1, and the Country X sanction ended on July 11, 2012, 173 days of your tax year are in the nonsanctioned period. You would compute the income for the nonsanctioned period as follows.
 173 
 366 
×$20,000=$9,453
      
You would figure the tax for the nonsanctioned period as follows.
 173 
 366 
×$4,500=$2,127
To figure your foreign tax credit, you would use $9,453 as the income from Country X and $2,127 as the tax.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224455
Further information.(p9)
The rules for figuring the foreign tax credit after a country's sanction period ends are more fully explained in Revenue Ruling 92-62, Cumulative Bulletin 1992-2, page 193. This Cumulative Bulletin can be found in many libraries and IRS offices.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224456

Table 1.Countries Removed From the
Sanction List or Granted Presidential Waiver

 Sanction Period
CountryStarting DateEnding Date
IraqFebruary 1, 1991June 27, 2004
LibyaJanuary 1, 1987December 9, 2004*
*Presidential waiver granted for qualified income taxes arising after December 9, 2004.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224458

Taxes Imposed
on Certain Dividends(p9)

rule
You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for withholding tax (defined later) on dividends paid or accrued if either of the following applies to the dividends.
  1. The dividends are on stock you held for less than 16 days during the 31-day period that begins 15 days before the ex-dividend date (defined later).
  2. The dividends are for a period or periods totaling more than 366 days on preferred stock you held for less than 46 days during the 91-day period that begins 45 days before the ex-dividend date. If the dividend is not for more than 366 days, rule (1) applies to the preferred stock.
When figuring how long you held the stock, count the day you sold it, but do not count the day you acquired it or any days on which you were protected from risk or loss.
Regardless of how long you held the stock, you cannot claim the credit to the extent you have an obligation under a short sale or otherwise to make payments related to the dividend for positions in substantially similar or related property.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224459

Withholding tax.(p9)

rule
For this purpose, withholding tax includes any tax determined on a gross basis. It does not include any tax which is in the nature of a prepayment of a tax imposed on a net basis.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224460

Ex-dividend date.(p9)

rule
The ex-dividend date is the first date following the declaration of a dividend on which the purchaser of a stock is not entitled to receive the next dividend payment.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224461

Example 1.(p9)

You bought common stock from a foreign corporation on November 3. You sold the stock on November 19. You received a dividend on this stock because you owned it on the ex-dividend date of November 5. To claim the credit, you must have held the stock for at least 16 days within the 31-day period that began on October 21 (15 days before the ex-dividend date). Because you held the stock for 16 days, from November 4 until November 19, you are entitled to the credit.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224462

Example 2.(p9)

The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that you sold the stock on November 14. You held the stock for only 11 days. You are not entitled to the credit.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224463

Exception.(p9)

rule
If you are a securities dealer who actively conducts business in a foreign country, you may be able to claim a foreign tax credit for qualified taxes paid on dividends regardless of how long you held the stock or whether you were obligated to make payments for positions in substantially similar or related property. See section 901(k)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code for more information.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224464

Taxes Withheld on Income
or Gain (Other Than Dividends)(p9)

rule
For income or gain (other than dividends) paid or accrued on property, you cannot claim a foreign tax credit for withholding tax (defined later):When figuring how long you held the property, count the day you sold it, but do not count the day you acquired it or any days on which you were protected from risk or loss.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224465

Withholding tax.(p9)

rule
For this purpose, withholding tax includes any tax determined on a gross basis. It does not include any tax which is in the nature of a prepayment of a tax imposed on a net basis.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224466

Exception for dealers.(p9)

rule
If you are a dealer in property who actively conducts business in a foreign country, you may be able to claim a foreign tax credit for qualified taxes withheld on income or gain from that property regardless of how long you held it or whether you have to make related payments on positions in similar or related property. See section 901(I)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code for more information.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000270106

Covered Asset Acquisition(p9)

rule
You cannot take a credit for the disqualified portion of any foreign tax paid or accrued in connection with a covered asset acquisition. A covered asset acquisition includes certain acquisitions that result in a stepped-up basis for U.S. tax purposes but not for foreign tax purposes. For more information, see Internal Revenue Code section 901(m). The IRS intends to issue guidance that will explain this provision in greater detail.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224467

Taxes in Connection With the Purchase or Sale of Oil or Gas(p9)

rule
You cannot claim a foreign tax credit for taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country in connection with the purchase or sale of oil or gas extracted in that country if you do not have an economic interest in the oil or gas, and the purchase price or sales price is different from the fair market value of the oil or gas at the time of purchase or sale.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224468

Taxes on Foreign
Mineral Income(p9)

rule
You must reduce any taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country or possession on mineral income from that country or possession if you were allowed a deduction for percentage depletion for any part of the mineral income. For details, see Regulations section 1.901-3.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224469

Taxes From International
Boycott Operations(p9)

rule
If you participate in or cooperate with an international boycott during the tax year, your foreign taxes resulting from boycott activities will reduce the total taxes available for credit. See the instructions for line 12 in the Form 1116 instructions to figure this reduction.
In most cases, this rule does not apply to employees with wages who are working and living in boycotting countries, or to retirees with pensions who are living in these countries.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224470

List of boycotting countries.(p9)

rule
A list of the countries which may require participation in or cooperation with an international boycott is published by the Department of the Treasury. As of November 2012, the following countries are listed.
Due date
For information concerning changes to the list, write to:

Internal Revenue Service
International Section
Philadelphia, PA 19255-0725


taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224472

Determinations of whether the boycott rule applies.(p10)

rule
You may request a determination from the Internal Revenue Service as to whether a particular operation constitutes participation in or cooperation with an international boycott. The procedures for obtaining a determination from the Service are outlined in Revenue Procedure 77-9 in Cumulative Bulletin 1977-1. Cumulative Bulletins are available in most IRS offices and you are welcome to read them there.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224473
Public inspection.(p10)
A determination and any related background file is open to public inspection. However, your identity and certain other information will remain confidential.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224474

Reporting requirements.(p10)

rule
You must file a report with the IRS if you or any of the following persons have operations in or related to a boycotting country or with the government, a company, or a national of a boycotting country.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224475
Form 5713 required.(p10)
If you have to file a report, you must use Form 5713, International Boycott Report, and attach all supporting schedules. See the Instructions for Form 5713 for information on when and where to file the form.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224476
Penalty for failure to file.(p10)
If you willfully fail to make a report, in addition to other penalties, you may be fined $25,000 or imprisoned for no more than one year, or both.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224477

Taxes on Combined
Foreign Oil and Gas Income(p10)

rule
You must reduce your foreign taxes by a portion of any foreign taxes imposed on combined foreign oil and gas income. The amount of the reduction is the amount by which your foreign oil and gas taxes exceed the amount of your combined foreign oil and gas income multiplied by a fraction equal to your pre-credit U.S. tax liability (Form 1040, line 44) divided by your worldwide taxable income. You may be entitled to carry over to other years taxes reduced under this rule. See Internal Revenue Code section 907(f).
Combined foreign oil and gas income means the sum of foreign oil related income and foreign oil and gas extraction income. Foreign oil and gas taxes are the sum of foreign oil and gas extraction taxes and foreign oil related taxes.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224478

Taxes of U.S.
Persons Controlling
Foreign Corporations
and Partnerships(p10)

rule
If you had control of a foreign corporation or a foreign partnership for the annual accounting period of that corporation or partnership that ended with or within your tax year, you may have to file an annual information return. If you do not file the required information return, you may have to reduce the foreign taxes that may be used for the foreign tax credit. See Penalty for not filing Form 5471 or Form 8865, later.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224479

U.S. persons controlling foreign corporations.(p10)

rule
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident who had control of a foreign corporation for an uninterrupted period of at least 30 days during the annual accounting period of that corporation, you may have to file an annual information return on Form 5471, Information Return of U.S. Persons With Respect To Certain Foreign Corporations. Under this rule, you generally had control of a foreign corporation if at any time during the corporation's tax year you owned:
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224480

U.S. persons controlling foreign partnerships.(p10)

rule
If you are a U.S. citizen or resident who had control of a foreign partnership at any time during the partnership's tax year, you may have to file an annual information return on Form 8865, Return of U.S. Persons With Respect to Certain Foreign Partnerships. Under this rule, you generally had control of the partnership if you owned more than 50% of the capital or profits interest, or an interest to which 50% of the deductions or losses were allocated.
You also may have to file Form 8865 if at any time during the tax year of the partnership, you owned a 10% or greater interest in the partnership while the partnership was controlled by U.S. persons owning at least a 10% interest. See the Instructions for Form 8865 for more information.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000224481

Penalty for not filing Form 5471 or Form 8865.(p10)

rule
In most cases, there is a penalty of $10,000 for each annual accounting period for which you fail to furnish information. Additional penalties apply if the failure continues for more than 90 days after the day on which notice of the failure to furnish the information is mailed.
If you fail to file either Form 5471 or Form 8865 when due, you may also be required to reduce by 10% all foreign taxes that may be used for the foreign tax credit. This 10% reduction shall not exceed the greater of $10,000 or the income of the foreign corporation or foreign partnership for the accounting period for which the failure occurs. This foreign tax credit penalty is also reduced by the amount of the dollar penalty imposed.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000270156

Taxes Related to a Foreign Tax Credit Splitting Event(p10)

rule
Reduce taxes paid or accrued by any taxes paid or accrued with respect to a foreign tax credit splitting event. For foreign taxes paid or accrued in tax years beginning after 2010, if there is a foreign tax credit splitting event, you may not take the foreign tax into account before the tax year in which you take the income into account. There is a foreign tax credit splitting event with respect to a foreign income tax if (in connection with a splitter arrangement listed below) the related income is (or will be) taken into account by a covered person. A covered person is either of the following.
A covered asset acquisition under Internal Revenue Code section 901(m) is not a foreign tax credit splitting event under Internal Revenue Code section 909.
For more information, see section 909 and any regulations under that section.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000294262

Splitter arrangements.(p10)

rule
The following paragraphs summarize the splitter arrangements. For more details, see Regulation section 1.909-2T(b).
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000294263
Reverse hybrid splitter arrangement.(p10)
A reverse hybrid is a splitter arrangement if you pay or accrue foreign income taxes with respect to income of a reverse hybrid. A reverse hybrid is an entity that is a corporation for U.S. Federal income tax purposes but is a fiscally transparent entity (under the principles of Regulation section 1.894-1(d)(3)) or a branch under the laws of a foreign country imposing tax on the income of the entity.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000294264
Loss-sharing splitter arrangement.(p10)
A foreign group relief or other loss-sharing regime is a loss-sharing splitter arrangement to the extent that a shared loss of a U.S. combined income group could have been used to offset income of that group (usable shared loss) but is used instead to offset income of another U.S. combined income group.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000294265
U.S. equity hybrid instrument splitter arrangement.(p10)
A U.S. equity hybrid instrument is a splitter arrangement if payments or accruals on or with respect to this instrument meet all of the following conditions.
  1. They give rise to foreign income taxes paid or accrued by the owner of this instrument.
  2. They are deductible by the issuer under the laws of a foreign jurisdiction in which the issuer is subject to tax.
  3. They do not give rise to income for U.S. Federal income tax purposes.
A U.S. equity hybrid instrument is an instrument that is treated as equity for U.S. Federal income tax purposes but is treated as indebtedness for foreign tax purposes, or with respect to which the issuer is otherwise entitled to a deduction for foreign tax purposes for amounts paid or accrued with respect to the instrument.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000294266
U.S. debt hybrid instrument splitter arrangement.(p11)
A U.S. debt hybrid instrument is a splitter arrangement if the issuer of a U.S. debt hybrid instrument pays or accrues foreign income taxes with respect to income in an amount equal to the interest (including original issue discount) paid or accrued on the instrument that is deductible for U.S. Federal income tax purposes but that does not give rise to a deduction under the laws of a foreign jurisdiction in which the issuer is subject to tax.
A U.S. debt hybrid instrument is an instrument that is treated as equity for foreign tax purposes but as indebtedness for U.S. Federal income tax purposes.
taxmap/pubs/p514-004.htm#en_us_publink1000294267
Partnership inter-branch payment splitter arrangement.(p11)
An allocation of foreign income tax that a partnership pays or accrues with respect to an inter-branch payment as described in Regulation section 1.704-1(b)(4)(viii)(d)(3) (revised as of April 1, 2011) (the inter-branch tax) is a splitter arrangement to the extent the inter-branch payment tax is not allocated to the partners in the same proportion as the distributive shares of income in the creditable foreign tax expenditures (CFTE) category to which the inter-branch payment tax is or would be assigned under Regulation section 1.704-1(b)(4)(viii)(d) without regard to Regulation section 1.704-1(b)(4)(viii)(d)(3).