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IRS.gov Website
Publication 537
taxmap/pubs/p537-003.htm#en_us_publink1000221782

Reporting an
Installment Sale(p15)

rule
taxmap/pubs/p537-003.htm#en_us_publink1000221783

Form 6252.(p15)

rule
Use Form 6252 to report a sale of property on the installment method. The form is used to report the sale in the year it takes place and to report payments received in later years. Also, if you sold property to a related person, you may have to file the form each year until the installment debt is paid off, whether or not you receive a payment in that year.
taxmap/pubs/p537-003.htm#en_us_publink1000221784
Related person.(p15)
If you sold property to a related person during the year, complete lines 1 through 4 and Parts I, II, and III of Form 6252.
If you sold a marketable security to a related party after May 14, 1980, and before January 1, 1987, complete Form 6252 for each year of the installment agreement, even if you did not receive a payment. (After December 31, 1986, the installment method is not available for the sale of marketable securities.) Complete lines 1 through 4 each year. Complete Part II for any year in which you receive a payment. Complete Part III for each year except for the year in which you receive the final payment.
If you sold property other than a marketable security to a related party after May 14, 1980, complete Form 6252 for the year of the sale and for the 2 years after the year of sale, even if you did not receive a payment in those years. Complete lines 1 through 4. Complete Part II for each of the 2 years after the year of sale in which you receive a payment. Complete Part III for each of the 2 years after the year of the sale unless you received the final payment during the year.
If the related person to whom you sold your property disposes of it, you may have to immediately report the rest of your gain in Part III. See Sale and Later Disposition under Sale to a Related Person, earlier, for more information.
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Several assets.(p15)
If you sell two or more assets in one installment sale, you may have to separately report the sale of each asset. The same is true if you sell all the assets of your business in one installment sale. See Single Sale of Several Assets and Sale of a Business, earlier.
If you have only a few sales to separately report, use a separate Form 6252 for each one. However, if you have to separately report the sale of multiple assets that you sold together, prepare only one Form 6252 and attach a schedule with all the required information for each asset. Complete Form 6252 by following the steps listed below.
  1. Answer the questions at the top of the form.
  2. In the year of sale, do not complete Part I. Instead, write "See attached schedule" in the margin.
  3. For Part II, enter the total for all the assets on lines 24, 25, and 26.
  4. For Part III, answer all the questions that apply. If none of the exceptions under question 29 apply, enter the totals on lines 35, 36, and 37 for the disposed assets.
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Special situations.(p15)
If you are reporting payments from an installment sale as income in respect of a decedent or as a beneficiary of a trust, including a partial interest in such a sale, you may not be able to provide all the information asked for on Form 6252. To the extent possible, follow the instructions given above and provide as many details as possible in a statement attached to Form 6252.
For more information on how to complete Form 6252, see the form instructions.
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Other forms.(p15)

rule
The gain from Form 6252 is entered on Schedule D (Form 1040), Form 4797, or both. See Reporting Installment Sale Income under General Rules, earlier.
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Schedule D (Form 1040).(p15)
Although the references in this publication are to the Schedule D for Form 1040, the rules discussed also apply to Schedule D for Forms 1041 (estates and trusts), 1065 (partnerships), 1120 (corporations), and 1120S (S corporations).
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Form 4797.(p15)
Form 4797 is used with estate and trust, partnership, corporation, and S corporation returns, as well as individual returns.