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Instructions for Schedule 8812 (Form 1040 A or 1040)

General Instructions


Who Should Use Part I(p1)

You only need to complete Part I if you are claiming the child tax credit for a child identified by an IRS individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). When completing Part I, only answer the questions with regard to children identified by an ITIN; you do not need to complete Part I of Schedule 8812 for any child that is identified by a social security number (SSN) or an IRS adoption taxpayer identification number (ATIN).
If all the children for whom you checked the box in column 4 of line 6c on your Form 1040 or Form 1040A or column 4 of line 7c on your Form 1040NR are identified by an SSN or an ATIN, you do not need to complete Part I of Schedule 8812.

Who Should Use Parts II–IV(p1)

Parts II–IV are unrelated to Part I. Parts II–IV help you figure your additional child tax credit. Generally, you should only complete Parts II–IV if you are instructed to do so after completing the Child Tax Credit Worksheet in your tax return instructions or Pub. 972.
If all your children are identified by an SSN or an ATIN and you are not claiming the additional child tax credit, you do not need to complete any part of Schedule 8812.

Substantial Presence Test (Part I)(p1)

In general, to be a qualifying child for purposes of the child tax credit and additional child tax credit, the child must be a citizen, national, or resident of the United States. Use Part I of Schedule 8812 to document that any child for whom an IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) was entered on Form 1040, line 6c; Form 1040A, line 6c; or Form 1040NR, line 7c; and for whom the box in column 4 of that line was also checked, meets the substantial presence test and is not otherwise treated as a nonresident alien.Note. (p1) A child who is a lawful permanent resident of the United States is eligible to obtain a social security number (SSN). Use an SSN to identify the child even if you obtained an ITIN for the child before the child became a lawful permanent resident.

To meet the substantial presence test, a child identified with an ITIN generally must be physically present in the United States on at least:
  1. 31 days during 2015, and
  2. 183 days during the 3-year period that includes 2015, 2014, and 2013, counting:
    1. All the days your child was present in 2015, and
    2. 1/3 of the days your child was present in 2014, and
    3. 1/6 of the days your child was present in 2013.
Not all days that your dependent is physically present in the United States count as days of presence for the substantial presence test. See Days of Presence in the United States in Pub. 519.
A child who is present in the United States for less than one-half of 2015 also must not have a closer connection to a foreign country. See Pub. 519 for more information. Also, see the chart, Is Your Dependent (Identified by an ITIN) Considered a Resident of the United States Under the Substantial Presence Test.