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IRS.gov Website
Instructions for Schedule F (Form 1040)
taxmap/instr/i1040sf-003.htm#en_us_publink17152rd0e413

Line C(p2)

rule
If you use the cash method, check the box for Cash. Complete Schedule F (Form 1040), Parts I and II. In most cases, report income in the year in which you actually or constructively received it and deduct expenses in the year you paid them. However, if the payment of an expenditure creates an asset having a useful life that extends substantially beyond the close of the year, it may not be deductible or may be deductible only in part for the year of the payment. See chapter 2 of Pub. 225.
If you use an accrual method, check the box for Accrual. Complete Schedule F (Form 1040), Parts II, III, and Part I, line 9. Generally, report income in the year in which you earned it and deduct expenses in the year you incurred them, even if you did not pay them in that year. Accrual basis taxpayers are put on a cash basis for deducting business expenses owed to a related cash-basis taxpayer. Other rules determine the timing of deductions based on economic performance. See Pub. 538.
taxmap/instr/i1040sf-003.htm#en_us_publink17152rd0e444
Farming syndicates.(p2)
rule
Farming syndicates cannot use the cash method of accounting. A farming syndicate may be a partnership, LLC, S corporation, or any other enterprise other than a C corporation if: