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IRS.gov Website
Publication 225
taxmap/pubs/p225-056.htm#en_us_publink1000218807

Family Employees(p78)

rule
Generally, the wages you pay to family members who are your employees are subject to employment taxes. However, certain exemptions may apply to wages paid to your child, spouse, or parent.
taxmap/pubs/p225-056.htm#en_us_publink1000218808

Exemptions for your child.(p78)

rule
Payments for the services of your child under age 18 who works for you in your trade or business (including a farm) aren't subject to social security and Medicare taxes. However, see Nonexempt services of a child or spouse, later. Payments for the services of your child under age 21 employed by you in other than a trade or business, such as payments for household services in your home, also aren't subject to social security or Medicare taxes. Payments for the services of your child under age 21 employed by you, whether or not in your trade or business, aren't subject to FUTA tax. Although not subject to social security, Medicare, or FUTA tax, the child's wages still may be subject to federal income tax withholding.
taxmap/pubs/p225-056.htm#en_us_publink1000218809

Exemptions for your spouse.(p78)

rule
Payments for the services of your spouse who works for you in your trade or business are subject to federal income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes, but not FUTA tax.
Payments for the services of your spouse employed by you in other than a trade or business, such as payments for household services in your home, aren't subject to social security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes.
taxmap/pubs/p225-056.htm#en_us_publink1000218810

Nonexempt services of a child or spouse.(p78)

rule
Payments for the services of your child or spouse are subject to federal income tax withholding as well as social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes if he or she works for any of the following entities. In these situations, the child or spouse is considered to work for the corporation, partnership, or estate, not you.
taxmap/pubs/p225-056.htm#en_us_publink1000218811

Exemptions for your parent.(p79)

rule
Payments for the services of your parent employed by you in your trade or business are subject to federal income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes. Social security and Medicare taxes don't apply to wages paid to your parent for services not in your trade or business, but they do apply to payments for household services in your home if both the following conditions are satisfied.
Wages you pay to your parent aren't subject to FUTA tax, regardless of the type of services provided.
taxmap/pubs/p225-056.htm#en_us_publink1000261111

Qualified joint venture.(p79)

rule
If spouses elect to be treated as a qualified joint venture instead of a partnership, either spouse may report and pay the employment taxes due on the wages paid to employees using the EIN of that spouse's sole proprietorship. For more information about qualified joint ventures, see chapter 12.