skip navigation

Search Help
Navigation Help

Tax Map Index
ABCDEFGHI
JKLMNOPQR
STUVWXYZ#

International
Tax Topic Index

Affordable Care Act
Tax Topic Index

FAQs
Forms
Publications
Tax Topics

Comments
About Tax Map

IRS.gov Website
Publication 3402
taxmap/pubs/p3402-004.htm#en_us_publink1000244352

LLCs Classified as Corporations(p3)

rule
An LLC with either a single member or more than one member can elect to be classified as a corporation rather than be classified as a partnership or disregarded entity under the default rules discussed earlier. File Form 8832, Entity Classification Election, to elect classification as a C corporation. File Form 2553, Election by a Small Business Corporation, to elect classification as an S corporation. LLCs electing classification as an S corporation are not required to file Form 8832 to elect classification as a corporation before filing Form 2553. By filing Form 2553, an LLC is deemed to have elected classification as a corporation in addition to the S corporation classification.
EIC
If the LLC elects to be classified as a corporation by filing Form 8832, a copy of the LLC's Form 8832 must be attached to the federal income tax return of each direct and indirect owner of the LLC for the tax year of the owner that includes the date on which the election took effect.
taxmap/pubs/p3402-004.htm#en_us_publink1000244943

Example 6. Classification as a corporation without an S election.(p3)

Wanda and Sylvester are members of an LLC. They agree that the LLC should be classified as a corporation but do not want to elect to have the LLC be treated as an S corporation. The LLC must file Form 8832.
taxmap/pubs/p3402-004.htm#en_us_publink1000244944

Example 7. Classification as a corporation with an S election.(p3)

Evelyn and Carol are members of an LLC. They agree that the LLC should be classified as an S corporation. The LLC must file Form 2553 instead of Form 8832.
If the LLC is classified as a corporation, it must file a corporation income tax return. If it is a C corporation, it is taxed on its taxable income and distributions to the members are includible in the members' gross income to the extent of the corporation's earnings and profits (double taxation). If it is an S corporation, the corporation is generally not subject to any income tax and the income, deductions, gains, losses, and credits of the corporation "pass through" to the members.
Corporations generally file either:
For more information on the income taxation of corporations and their shareholders, see Publication 542, Corporations. For more information on the income taxation of S corporations and their shareholders, see the Instructions for Form 1120S, U.S. Income Tax Return for an S Corporation.