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IRS.gov Website
Publication 505
taxmap/pubs/p505-021.htm#en_us_publink1000194847

Figuring Your Required Annual Payment
(Part I)(p53)

rule
Figure your required annual payment in Part I of Form 2210, following the line-by-line instructions. If you rounded the entries on your tax return to whole dollars, you can round on Form 2210.
taxmap/pubs/p505-021.htm#en_us_publink1000194848

Example.(p53)

The tax on Lori Lane's 2012 return was $12,400. Her AGI was not more than $150,000 for either 2012 or 2013. The tax on her 2013 return (Form 1040, line 55) is $13,044. Line 56 (self-employment tax) is $8,902. Her 2013 total tax is $21,946.
For 2013, Lori had $1,600 income tax withheld and made four equal estimated tax payments ($1,000 each). 90% of her 2013 tax is $19,751. Because she paid less than her 2012 tax ($12,400) and less than 90% of her 2013 tax ($19,751), and does not meet an exception, Lori knows that she owes a penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. The IRS will figure the penalty for Lori, but she decides to figure it herself on Form 2210 and pay it with her taxes when she files her tax return.
Lori's required annual payment is $12,400 (100% of 2012 tax) because that is smaller than 90% of her 2013 tax.
taxmap/pubs/p505-021.htm#en_us_publink1000194849

Different 2012 filing status.(p53)

rule
If you file a separate return for 2013, but you filed a joint return with your spouse for 2012, see 2012 joint return and 2013 separate returns, earlier, to figure the amount to enter as your 2012 tax on line 8 of Form 2210.