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taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000224352
Publication 514

Foreign Tax 
Credit for 
Individuals

For Use in Tax Year 2013
rule

Reminders(p1)


taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000293954
Future developments.(p1)
For the latest information about developments related to Pub. 514, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www.irs.gov/pub514.
taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000224356
Alternative minimum tax.(p1)
In addition to your regular income tax, you may be liable for the alternative minimum tax. A foreign tax credit may be allowed in figuring this tax. See the instructions for Form 6251, Alternative Minimum Tax—Individuals, for a discussion of the alternative minimum tax foreign tax credit.
taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000224357
Change of address.(p1)
If your address changes from the address shown on your last return, use Form 8822, Change of Address, to notify the Internal Revenue Service.
taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000224358
Photographs of missing children.(p1)
The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child.

taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000270873Introduction

If you paid or accrued foreign taxes to a foreign country on foreign source income and are subject to U.S. tax on the same income, you may be able to take either a credit or an itemized deduction for those taxes. Taken as a deduction, foreign income taxes reduce your U.S. taxable income. Taken as a credit, foreign income taxes reduce your U.S. tax liability.
In most cases, it is to your advantage to take foreign income taxes as a tax credit. The major scope of this publication is the foreign tax credit.
The publication discusses:
Unless you qualify for exemption from the foreign tax credit limit, you claim the credit by filing Form 1116 with your U.S. income tax return. Two examples with filled-in Forms 1116 are provided at the end of this publication.
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Comments and suggestions.(p2)

For Use in Tax Year 2013
rule
We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions.
You can write to us at the following address:

Internal Revenue Service
Tax Forms and Publications Division
1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526
Washington, DC 20224


We respond to many letters by telephone. Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence.
You can send your comments from www.irs.gov/formspubs/. Click on "More Information" and then on "Comment on Tax Forms and Publications".
Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products.
taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000294220
Ordering forms and publications.(p2)
Visit www.irs.gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received.

Internal Revenue Service
1201 N. Mitsubishi Motorway
Bloomington, IL 61705-6613


taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000294221
Tax questions.(p2)
If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS.gov or call 1-800-829-1040. We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses.

taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#TXMP3aa0f6b7

Useful items

You may want to see:


Publication
 54 Tax Guide for U.S. Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad
 519 U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens
 570 Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U.S. Possessions
Form (and Instructions)
 1116: Foreign Tax Credit
See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting these publications and this form.
taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000224362

Choosing To Take
Credit or Deduction(p2)

For Use in Tax Year 2013
rule
You can choose whether to take the amount of any qualified foreign taxes paid or accrued during the year as a foreign tax credit or as an itemized deduction. You can change your choice for each year's taxes.
To choose the foreign tax credit, in most cases you must complete Form 1116 and attach it to your U.S. tax return. However, you may qualify for the exception that allows you to claim the foreign tax credit without using Form 1116. See How To Figure the Credit, later. To choose to claim the taxes as an itemized deduction, use Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions.
Deposit
Figure your tax both ways—claiming the credit and claiming the deduction. Then fill out your return the way that benefits you more. See Why Choose the Credit, later.
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Choice Applies to All
Qualified Foreign Taxes(p2)

For Use in Tax Year 2013
rule
As a general rule, you must choose to take either a credit or a deduction for all qualified foreign taxes.
If you choose to take a credit for qualified foreign taxes, you must take the credit for all of them. You cannot deduct any of them. Conversely, if you choose to deduct qualified foreign taxes, you must deduct all of them. You cannot take a credit for any of them.
See What Foreign Taxes Qualify for the Credit, later, for the meaning of qualified foreign taxes.
There are exceptions to this general rule, which are described next.
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Exceptions for foreign taxes not allowed as a credit.(p2)

For Use in Tax Year 2013
rule
Even if you claim a credit for other foreign taxes, you can deduct any foreign tax that is not allowed as a credit if:
For more information on these items, see Taxes for Which You Can Only Take an Itemized Deduction, later, under Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit.
taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000224366

Foreign taxes that are not income taxes.(p2)

For Use in Tax Year 2013
rule
In most cases, only foreign income taxes qualify for the foreign tax credit. Other taxes, such as foreign real and personal property taxes, do not qualify. But you may be able to deduct these other taxes even if you claim the foreign tax credit for foreign income taxes.
In most cases, you can deduct these other taxes only if they are expenses incurred in a trade or business or in the production of income. However, you can deduct foreign real property taxes that are not trade or business expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040).
taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000224367

Carrybacks and carryovers.(p2)

For Use in Tax Year 2013
rule
There is a limit on the credit you can claim in a tax year. If your qualified foreign taxes exceed the credit limit, you may be able to carry over or carry back the excess to another tax year. If you deduct qualified foreign taxes in a tax year, you cannot use a carryback or carryover in that year. That is because you cannot take both a deduction and a credit for qualified foreign taxes in the same tax year.
For more information on the limit, see How To Figure the Credit, later. For more information on carrybacks and carryovers, see Carryback and Carryover, later.
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Making or
Changing Your Choice(p2)

For Use in Tax Year 2013
rule
You can make or change your choice to claim a deduction or credit at any time during the period within 10 years from the regular due date for filing the return (without regard to any extension of time to file) for the tax year in which the taxes were actually paid or accrued. You make or change your choice on your tax return (or on an amended return) for the year your choice is to be effective.
taxmap/pubs/p514-000.htm#en_us_publink1000224369

Example.(p2)

You paid foreign taxes for the last 13 years and chose to deduct them on your U.S. income tax returns. You were timely in both filing your returns and paying your U.S. tax liability. In February 2013, you file an amended return for tax year 2002 choosing to take a credit for your 2002 foreign taxes because you now realize that the credit is more advantageous than the deduction for that year. Because the regular due date of your 2002 return was April 15, 2003, this choice is timely (within 10 years).
Because there is a limit on the credit for your 2002 foreign tax, you have unused 2002 foreign taxes. Ordinarily, you first carry back unused foreign taxes arising in 2002 to, and claim them as a credit in, the 2 preceding tax years. If you are unable to claim all of them in those 2 years, you carry them forward to the 10 years following the year in which they arose.
Because you originally chose to deduct your foreign taxes and the 10-year period for changing the choice for 2000 and 2001 has passed, you cannot change your choice and carry the unused 2002 foreign taxes back to tax years 2000 and 2001.
Because the 10-year periods for changing the choice have not passed for your 2003 through 2012 income tax returns, you can still choose to claim the credit for those years and carry forward any unused 2002 foreign taxes. However, you must reduce the unused 2002 foreign taxes that you carry forward by the amount that would have been allowed as a carryback if you had timely carried back the foreign tax to tax years 2000 and 2001.
EIC
You cannot take a credit or a deduction for foreign taxes paid on income you exclude under the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion. See Foreign Earned Income and Housing Exclusions under Foreign Taxes for Which You Cannot Take a Credit, later.