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IRS.gov Website
Publication 519
taxmap/pubs/p519-029.htm#en_us_publink1000222538

Exemptions(p32)

rule
As a dual-status taxpayer, you usually will be able to claim your own personal exemption. Subject to the general rules for qualification, you can claim exemptions for your spouse and dependents when you figure taxable income for the part of the year you are a resident alien. The amount you can claim for these exemptions is limited to your taxable income (figured before subtracting exemptions) for the part of the year you are a resident alien. You cannot use exemptions (other than your own) to reduce taxable income to less than zero for that period.
Special rules apply to exemptions for the part of the tax year you are a nonresident alien if you are a:
  1. Resident of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea,
  2. U.S. national, or
  3. Student or business apprentice from India.
For more information, see Exemptions in chapter 5.