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IRS.gov Website
Publication 519
taxmap/pubs/p519-046.htm#en_us_publink1000222749

Exemption Under
U.S. Tax Law(p50)

rule
Employees of foreign governments who do not qualify under a tax treaty provision and employees of international organizations may qualify for exemption by meeting the following requirements of U.S. tax law.
EIC
The exemption under U.S. tax law applies only to current employees and not to former employees. Pensions received by former employees living in the United States do not qualify for the exemption discussed here.
taxmap/pubs/p519-046.htm#en_us_publink1000222751

Employees of foreign governments.(p50)

rule
If you are not a U.S. citizen, or if you are a U.S. citizen but also a citizen of the Philippines, and you work for a foreign government in the United States, your foreign government salary is exempt from U.S. tax if you perform services similar to those performed by U.S. government employees in that foreign country and that foreign government grants an equivalent exemption to U.S. government employees.
taxmap/pubs/p519-046.htm#en_us_publink1000222752
Certification.(p50)
To qualify for the exemption under U.S. tax law, either the Department of State must certify that you perform services similar to those performed by employees of the government of the United States in foreign countries and that your foreign government employer grants an equivalent exemption to U.S. government employees performing similar services in its country or you must establish those facts. However, see Aliens who keep immigrant status, later, for a special rule that may affect your qualifying for this exemption.
taxmap/pubs/p519-046.htm#en_us_publink1000222754

Employees of international organizations.(p50)

rule
If you work for an international organization in the United States and you are not a U.S. citizen (or you are a U.S. citizen but are also a citizen of the Philippines), your salary from that organization is exempt from U.S. tax. However, see Aliens who keep immigrant status, later, for a special rule that may affect your qualifying for this exemption.
An international organization is an organization designated by the President of the United States through Executive Order to qualify for the privileges, exemptions, and immunities provided in the International Organizations Immunities Act.
You should find out if you have been made known to, and have been accepted by, the Secretary of State as an officer or an employee of that organization, or if you have been designated by the Secretary of State, before formal notification and acceptance, as a prospective officer or employee.
If you are claiming exemption, you should know the number of the Executive Order covering the international organization and should have some written evidence of your acceptance or designation by the Secretary of State.
The exemption is denied when, because the Secretary of State determines your presence in the United States is no longer desirable, you leave the United States (or after a reasonable time allowed for leaving the United States). The exemption is also denied when a foreign country does not allow similar exemptions to U.S. citizens. Then the Secretary of State can withdraw the privileges, exemptions, and immunities from the nationals of that foreign country.
taxmap/pubs/p519-046.htm#en_us_publink1000222756

Aliens who keep immigrant status.(p51)

rule
If you file the waiver provided by section 247(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (USCIS Form I-508) to keep your immigrant status (green card), you no longer qualify for the exemption from U.S. tax under U.S. tax law from the date of filing the waiver with the Attorney General.
However, you do not lose the exemption if you file the waiver, and meet either of the following conditions. .
For more information about a specific foreign country or international organization, send an email to embassy@irs.gov.