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IRS.gov Website
Publication 54
taxmap/pubs/p54-014.htm#en_us_publink100047546

Form 2555 and
Form 2555-EZ(p23)

rule
If you are claiming the foreign earned income exclusion only, you can use Form 2555. In some circumstances, you can use Form 2555-EZ to claim the foreign earned income exclusion. You must file one of these forms each year you are claiming the exclusion.
If you are claiming either the foreign housing exclusion or the foreign housing deduction, you must use Form 2555. You cannot use Form 2555-EZ. Form 2555 shows how you meet the bona fide residence test or physical presence test, how much of your earned income is excluded, and how to figure the amount of your allowable housing exclusion or deduction.
Do not submit Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ by itself.
taxmap/pubs/p54-014.htm#en_us_publink100047547

Form 2555-EZ(p23)

rule
Form 2555-EZ has fewer lines than Form 2555. You can use this form if all seven of the following apply.
taxmap/pubs/p54-014.htm#en_us_publink100047548

Form 2555(p23)

rule
If you claim exclusion under the bona fide residence test, you should fill out Parts I, II, IV, and V of Form 2555. In filling out Part II, be sure to give your visa type and the period of your bona fide residence. Frequently, these items are overlooked.
If you claim exclusion under the physical presence test, you should fill out Parts I, III, IV, and V of Form 2555. When filling out Part III, be sure to insert the beginning and ending dates of your 12-month period and the dates of your arrivals and departures, as requested in the travel schedule.
You must fill out Part VI if you are claiming a foreign housing exclusion or deduction.
Fill out Part IX if you are claiming the foreign housing deduction.
If you are claiming the foreign earned income exclusion, fill out Part VII.
Finally, if you are claiming the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or both, fill out Part VIII.
If you and your spouse both qualify to claim the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction, you and your spouse must file separate Forms 2555 to claim these benefits. See the discussion earlier under Separate Households.