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Publication 595

Capital Construction Fund for Commercial Fishermen

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taxmap/pubs/p595-000.htm#TXMP1417f427Introduction

This publication discusses the Capital Construction Fund (CCF). The CCF is a special investment program administered by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This program allows fishermen to defer paying income tax on certain income they invest in a CCF account and later use to acquire, build, or rebuild fishing vessels.
This publication does not discuss all the tax rules that may apply to your fishing trade or business. For general information about the federal tax laws that apply to individuals, including commercial fishermen, who file Schedule C or C-EZ, see Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business. If your trade or business is a partnership or corporation, see Publication 541, Partnerships, or Publication 542, Corporations.
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Comments and suggestions.

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We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions.
You can email us at *taxforms@irs.gov. Please put "Publications Comment" on the subject line.
You can write to us at the following address:


Internal Revenue Service
Business Forms and Publications Branch
SE:W:CAR:MP:T:B
1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6406
Washington, DC 20224


We respond to many letters by telephone. Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence.

Important Reminder


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Photographs of missing children.
The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child.
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Capital Construction Fund

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The following sections discuss CCF accounts and the types of bookkeeping accounts you must maintain when you invest in a CCF account. They also discuss the income tax treatment of CCF deposits, earnings, and withdrawals.
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CCF Accounts

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This section explains who can open a CCF account and how to use the account to defer income tax.
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Opening a CCF account.

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If you are a U.S. citizen and you own or lease one or more eligible vessels (defined later), you can open a CCF account. However, before you open your CCF account, you must enter into an agreement with the Secretary of Commerce through the NMFS. This agreement will establish the following.
Due date
You can request an application kit or get additional information from NMFS at the following address.


NOAA/NMFS, Financial Services Division, F/MB5
Capital Construction Fund Program
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282


EIC
You can obtain information on the Capital Construction Fund Program at the following website: www.nmfs.noaa.gov/mb/financial_services/ccf.htm.
Tax Tip
You can call NMFS to request an application kit or get additional information at (301) 713-2393 (ext. 204). Their fax number is (301) 713-1939.
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Eligible vessels.

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There are two types of vessels that may be considered eligible, those weighing 5 tons or more and those weighing less than 5 tons. For each type, certain requirements must be met.
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Vessel weighing 5 tons or more.
To be considered eligible, the vessel must meet all the following requirements.
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Vessel weighing less than 5 tons.
A small vessel, weighing at least 2 net tons but less than 5 net tons, must meet all the following requirements to be considered eligible.
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Deferring tax on CCF deposits and earnings.

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You can use a CCF account to defer income tax by taking the following actions.
Tax Tip
Reporting requirements. Beginning with the tax year in which you establish your agreement, you must report annual deposit and withdrawal activity to the NMFS on NOAA Form 34-82. This form is due within 30 days after you file your federal income tax return even if no deposits or withdrawals are made. For more information, contact the NMFS at the address or phone number given earlier.
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Types of Accounts You Must Maintain Within a CCF

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This section discusses the three types of bookkeeping accounts you must maintain when you invest in a CCF account. Your total CCF deposits and earnings for any given year are limited to the amount attributed to these three accounts for that year.
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Capital account.

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The capital account consists primarily of amounts attributable to the following items.
  1. Allowable depreciation deductions for agreement vessels.
  2. Any nontaxable return of capital from either (a) or (b), below.
    1. The sale or other disposition of agreement vessels.
    2. Insurance or indemnity proceeds attributable to agreement vessels.
  3. Any tax-exempt interest earned on state or local bonds in your CCF account.
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Capital gain account.

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The capital gain account consists of amounts attributable to the following items reduced by any capital losses from assets held in your CCF account for more than 6 months.
  1. Any capital gain from either of the following sources.
    1. The sale or other disposition of agreement vessels held for more than 6 months.
    2. Insurance or indemnity proceeds attributable to agreement vessels held for more than 6 months.
  2. Any capital gain from assets held in your CCF account for more than 6 months.
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Ordinary income account.

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The ordinary income account consists of amounts attributable to the following items.
  1. Any earnings (without regard to the carryback of any net operating or net capital loss) from the operation of agreement vessels in the fisheries of the United States or in the foreign or domestic commerce of the United States.
  2. Any capital gain from the following sources reduced by any capital losses from assets held in your CCF account for 6 months or less.
    1. The sale or other disposition of agreement vessels held for 6 months or less.
    2. Insurance or indemnity proceeds attributable to agreement vessels held for 6 months or less.
    3. Any capital gain from assets held in your CCF account for 6 months or less.
  3. Any ordinary income (such as depreciation recapture) from either of the following sources.
    1. The sale or other disposition of agreement vessels.
    2. Insurance or indemnity proceeds attributable to agreement vessels.
  4. Any interest (not including tax-exempt interest from state and local bonds), most dividends, and other ordinary income earned on the assets in your CCF account.
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Tax Treatment of CCF Deposits

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This section explains the tax treatment of income used as the basis for CCF deposits.
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Capital gains.

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Do not report any transaction that produces a capital gain if you deposit the net proceeds into your CCF account. This treatment applies to either of the following transactions.
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Depreciation recapture.

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Do not report any transaction that produces depreciation recapture if you deposit the net proceeds into your CCF account. This treatment applies to either of the following transactions.
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Earnings from operations.

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Report earnings from the operation of agreement vessels on your Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040) even if you deposit part of these earnings into your CCF account. You subtract any part of the earnings you deposited into your CCF account from the amount you would otherwise enter as taxable income on Form 1040, line 43 (for 2005). Next to line 43, write "CCF" and the amount of the deposits. Do not deduct these CCF deposits on Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040).
Caution
If you deposit earnings from operations into your CCF account and you must complete other forms such as Form 6251, Alternative Minimum Tax (Individuals), or a worksheet for Schedule D (Form 1040), you will need to make an extra computation. When the other form instructs you to use the amount from Form 1040, line 41 (for 2005), do not use that amount. Instead, add Form 1040, lines 42 and 43 (for 2005), and use that amount.
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Self-employment tax.
You must use your net profit or loss from your fishing business to figure your self-employment tax. Do not reduce your net profit or loss by any earnings from operations you deposit into your CCF account.
Tax Tip
Partnerships and S corporations. The deduction for partnership earnings from operations deposited into a CCF account is separately stated on Schedule K (Form 1065), line 13d, and allocated to the partners on Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), box 13 (for 2005).
The deduction for S corporation earnings deposited into a CCF account is separately stated on Schedule K (Form 1120S), line 12d, and allocated to the shareholders on Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S), box 12 (for 2005).
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Tax Treatment of CCF Earnings

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This section explains the tax treatment of the earnings from the assets in your CCF account when the earnings are redeposited or left in your account. However, if you choose to withdraw the earnings in the year earned, you must generally pay income tax on them.
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Capital gains.

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Do not report any capital gains from the sale of capital assets held in your CCF account. This includes capital gain distributions reported to you on Form 1099-DIV or a substitute statement. However, you should attach a statement to your tax return to list the payers and the amounts and to identify the capital gains as "CCF account earnings."
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Interest and dividends.

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Do not report any ordinary income (such as interest and dividends) you earn on the assets in your CCF account. However, you should attach a statement to your return to list the payers and the amounts and to identify them as "CCF account earnings."
If you are required to file Schedule B (Form 1040), you can add these earnings to the list of payers and amounts on line 1 or line 5 and identify them as "CCF earnings." Then, subtract the same amounts from the list and identify them as "CCF deposits."
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Tax-exempt interest.
Do not report tax-exempt interest from state or local bonds you held in your CCF account. You are not required to report this interest on Form 1040, line 8b.
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Tax Treatment of CCF Withdrawals

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This section discusses the tax treatment of amounts you withdraw from your CCF account during the year.
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Qualified Withdrawals

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A qualified withdrawal from a CCF account is one that is approved by NMFS for either of the following uses.
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Qualified vessel.

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This is any vessel that meets all of the following requirements.
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How to determine the source of qualified withdrawals.

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When you make a qualified withdrawal, the amount is treated as being withdrawn in the following order from the accounts listed below.
  1. The capital account.
  2. The capital gain account.
  3. The ordinary income account.
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Excluding qualified withdrawals from tax.

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Do not report on your income tax return any qualified withdrawals from your CCF account.
Caution
Reduce the depreciable basis of fishing vessels you acquire, build, or rebuild when you make a qualified withdrawal from either the capital gain or the ordinary income account.
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Nonqualified Withdrawals

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A nonqualified withdrawal from a CCF account is generally any withdrawal that is not a qualified withdrawal. Qualified withdrawals are defined under Qualified Withdrawals, earlier.
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Examples.

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Examples of nonqualified withdrawals include the following amounts from either the ordinary income account or the capital gain account.
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How to determine the source of nonqualified withdrawals.

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When you make a nonqualified withdrawal from your CCF account, the amount is treated as being withdrawn in the following order from the accounts listed below.
  1. The ordinary income account.
  2. The capital gain account.
  3. The capital account.
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Paying tax on nonqualified withdrawals.

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In general, nonqualified withdrawals are taxed separately from your other gross income and at the highest marginal tax rate in effect for the year of withdrawal. However, nonqualified withdrawals treated as made from the capital gain account are taxed at a rate that cannot exceed 15% for individuals and 34% for corporations.
Tax Tip
Partnerships and S corporations. Taxable nonqualified partnership withdrawals are separately stated on Schedule K (Form 1065), line 20c, and allocated to the partners on Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), box 20 (for 2005). Taxable nonqualified withdrawals by an S corporation are separately stated on Schedule K (Form 1120S), line 17d, and allocated to the shareholders on Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S), box 17.
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Interest.

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You must pay interest on the additional tax due to nonqualified withdrawals that are treated as made from either the ordinary income or the capital gain account. The interest period begins on the last date for paying tax for the year for which you deposited the amount you withdrew from your CCF account. The period ends on the last date for paying tax for the year in which you make the nonqualified withdrawal. The interest rate on the nonqualified withdrawal is simple interest. The rate is subject to change annually and is published in the Federal Register.
Tax Tip
You also can call NMFS at (301) 713-2393 (ext. 204) to get the current interest rate.
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Interest deduction.
You can deduct the interest you pay on a nonqualified withdrawal as a trade or business expense.
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Reporting the additional tax and interest.

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Attach a statement to your income tax return showing your computation of the tax and the interest on a nonqualified withdrawal. Include the tax and interest on Form 1040, line 63 (for 2005). To the left of line 63, write in the amount of tax and interest and "CCF."
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Tax benefit rule.

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If any portion of your nonqualified withdrawal is properly attributable to contributions (not earnings on the contributions) you made to the CCF account that did not reduce your tax liability for any tax year prior to the withdrawal year, the following tax treatment applies.
  1. The part that did not reduce your tax liability for any year prior to the withdrawal year is not taxed.
  2. That part is allowed as a net operating loss deduction.
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More Information

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This section briefly discussed the CCF program. For more detailed information, see the following legislative authorities. The application kit you can obtain from NMFS at the address or phone number given earlier may contain copies of some of these sources of additional information. Also, see their web page at www.nmfs.noaa.gov/mb/financial_services/ccf.htm.