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IRS.gov Website
Publication 907
taxmap/pubs/p907-001.htm#en_us_publink10008643

Itemized Deductions(p4)

rule
If you file Form 1040, to lower your taxable income you generally can claim the standard deduction or itemize your deductions, such as medical expenses, using Schedule A (Form 1040). For impairment-related work expenses, use the appropriate business form (1040 Schedules: C, C-EZ, E, and F; Form 2106, Employee Business Expenses; or Form 2106-EZ, Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses).
taxmap/pubs/p907-001.htm#en_us_publink10008644

Medical Expenses(p4)

rule
When figuring your deduction for medical expenses, you can generally include medical and dental expenses you pay for yourself, your spouse, and your dependents.
Medical expenses are the cost of diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease and the costs for treatments affecting any part or function of the body. They include the costs of equipment, supplies, diagnostic devices, and transportation for needed medical care and payments for medical insurance.
You can deduct only the amount of your medical and dental expenses that is more than 10% (7.5% if you or your spouse were born before January 2, 1949) of your adjusted gross income shown on Form 1040, line 38.
The following list highlights some of the medical expenses you can include in figuring your medical expense deduction.
Deposit
Improvements that increase a home's value, if the main purpose is medical care, may be partly included as a medical expense. See Publication 502, Medical and Dental Expenses (Including the Health Coverage Tax Credit).
taxmap/pubs/p907-001.htm#en_us_publink10008646

Impairment-Related Work Expenses(p5)

rule
If you are disabled, you can take a business deduction for expenses that are necessary for you to be able to work. If you take a business deduction for these impairment-related work expenses, they are not subject to the 10% (7.5% if you or your spouse is age 65 or older) limit that applies to medical expenses.
You are disabled if you have:
taxmap/pubs/p907-001.htm#en_us_publink10009807

Impairment-related expenses defined.(p5)

rule
Impairment-related expenses are those ordinary and necessary business expenses that are:
See Publication 502.